Preventing injury, illness and disability at work.

  title={Preventing injury, illness and disability at work.},
  author={John W Frank and Kim Cullen},
  journal={Scandinavian journal of work, environment \& health},
  volume={32 2},
  • J. Frank, K. Cullen
  • Published 1 April 2006
  • Medicine
  • Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health
This discussion paper is intended to start a dialogue about prevention among those who are interested in making workplaces safer and healthier. The following four key themes are presented to build a framework for further discussion and activity: theme 1 -- with multiple causes for workplace injury, illness, and disability, preventing these problems requires multiple solutions, operating in synergy; theme 2 -- efforts to reduce workplace injury, illness, and disability must build on both primary… 

Figures from this paper

Workplace Intervention Research: Disability Prevention, Disability Management, and Work Productivity
It is argued that to create change and increase utilization of the best evidence in disability management practice, it is necessary to develop effective communication tools that encourage information sharing among stakeholders in a complex system.
Preventing Disability From Occupational Musculoskeletal Injuries in an Urban, Acute and Tertiary Care Hospital: Results from a Prevention and Early Active Return-to-Work Safely Program
Although there was no reduction in incidence, the program was effective in returning injured employees to work more promptly for registered nurses and health science professionals (therapists, technicians), although not for facility support staff.
Introduction to Special Section: Systematic Reviews for Prevention and Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders
This special section of this issue of the Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation presents some recent outcomes of a program of research conducted by the Institute for Work & Health in Toronto, Canada, to focus on synthesizing evidence from the scientific literature on OHS prevention, rehabilitation and disability management.
The role of the workplace in return to work
The return to work of an injured worker is influenced by a range of factors - some that relate to the worker, some to the environment outside of the workplace, and some to the workplace itself. This
Mental Health Interventions in the Workplace and Work Outcomes: A Best-Evidence Synthesis of Systematic Reviews
  • S. WagnerC. Koehn M. Wright
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The international journal of occupational and environmental medicine
  • 2016
There is moderate evidence for the effectiveness of workplace mental health interventions on improved workplace outcomes and certain types of programs, such as those incorporating both mental and physical health interventions, multicomponent mental health and/or psychosocial interventions, and exposure in vivo containing interventions for particular anxiety disorders had a greater level of research evidence to support their effectiveness.
Pain-Related Work Interference is a Key Factor in a Worker/Workplace Model of Work Absence Duration Due to Musculoskeletal Conditions in Canadian Nurses
The authors' findings support a key role for pain severity and pain-related work interference in mediating the effects of workplace factors and worker health factors on work absence duration.
Evaluation of a Comprehensive Integrated Workplace-Based Program to Reduce Occupational Musculoskeletal Injury and Its Associated Morbidity in a Large Hospital
The findings that MSI-associated TL and compensation costs were significantly lower during the program illustrates the effectiveness of this program and demonstrates that increased reporting of MSIs need not be associated with increased claims costs.
Non-modifiable worker and workplace risk factors contributing to workplace absence: A stakeholder-centred synthesis of systematic reviews.
For non-modifiable worker and workplace factors, consistent evidence across two or more health conditions for increased risk of disability in situations where workers experience lower education, older age, emotional distress, poor personal functioning, decreased physical functioning, psychological symptoms, overweight status, and greater sick leave history is found.
Implementation of a disability management policy in a large healthcare employer: a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods evaluation
The implementation of the organisation’s RTW policy was associated with larger reductions in disability durations than observed in the comparison group, and the incidence of work disability episodes and the durations of work Disability declined strongly in this hospital sector over the 6-year observation period.
Background and purpose: Health organizations consider behavior as one of the main causes of today’s common diseases and health problems. In order to modify behavior and also to reduce occupational


Occupational injury : risk, prevention and intervention
Part 1 The data speak but what do they tell you? national occupational injury statistics - what can the data tell us? analysis of narrative text fields in occupational injury data using data to
Interventions for musculoskeletal disorders in computer-intense office work: A framework for evaluation
A means-outcomes framework for evaluating field interventions that includes strategies, activities, objectives and metrics for outcomes using quantitative and qualitative methods is described and found useful for focusing the purpose of data collection and ensuring coverage of important components.
Guide to Evaluating the Effectiveness of Strategies for Preventing Work Injuries: How to Show Whether a Safety Intervention Really Works
The aim in this book is to provide students, researchers and practitioners with the tools and concepts required to conduct systematic evaluations of injury prevention initiatives and safety programs, and it is hoped that this guide will assist safety specialists to meet the challenge of effectiveness evaluations.
Determinants of duration of disability and return-to-work after work-related injury and illness: challenges for future research.
BACKGROUND The purpose of this review was to identify critical data and research needs in addressing the following question: What are the primary factors that affect the time lost from work,
Intervention research in occupational health and safety.
  • L. GoldenharP. Schulte
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of occupational medicine. : official publication of the Industrial Medical Association
  • 1994
Although many methodological issues associated with field-based research are not easily addressed, researchers should make a stronger attempt to address these issues if the field of occupational health and safety intervention research is to be productive.
Doing Knowledge Transfer: Engaging Management and Labor with Research on Employee Health and Safety
In workplace health interventions, engaging management and union decision makers is considered important for the success of the project, yet little research has described the process of making this
Sustained, Intensive Engagement to Promote Health and Safety Knowledge Transfer to and Utilization by Workplaces
The need to establish a positive relationship between the source of the knowledge and the user organization to achieve knowledge utilization is an established principle of knowledge transfer. Yet,
The National Occupational Research Agenda: a model of broad stakeholder input into priority setting.
Although the field of occupational safety and health is often contentious and adversarial, these research priorities reflect a remarkable degree of concurrence among a broad range of stakeholders who provided input into a clearly defined and open process.
Disability resulting from occupational low back pain. Part I: What do we know about primary prevention? A review of the scientific evidence on prevention before disability begins.
This is the first of two papers that systematically review available scientific evidence on the causes of disability from occupational low back pain, and the effectiveness of interventions to prevent