Prevalence of the parasite Strepsiptera in adult Polistes wasps: field collections and literature overview

  title={Prevalence of the parasite Strepsiptera in adult Polistes wasps: field collections and literature overview},
  author={David P Hughes and Jeyaraney Kathirithamby and Laura Beani},
  journal={Ethology Ecology \& Evolution},
  pages={363 - 375}
The incidence of strepsipteran parasites in temperate Polistes wasps is recorded following the collection and dissection of adults from nests, foraging sites and hibernacula. The mean proportion of infected P. dominulus adults (i.e. parasite prevalence) on nests was around 7%, while wasps which were captured when hunting for prey or collecting water were rarely parasitized. Of the four Polistes species that were recovered from overwintering aggregations (dominulus, gallicus, nimphus and… 
Presence of Strepsiptera Parasites in the Independent-founding Wasp, Polistes satan
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Levels of parasitism of Xenos myrapetrus (Stresiptera, Stylopidae) and its seasonal changes in the swarm-founding wasp, Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
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Preference of Polistes dominula wasps for trumpet creepers when infected by Xenos vesparum: A novel example of co-evolved traits between host and parasite
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Host-parasitoid associations in Strepsiptera.
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Non-sibling parasites (Strepsiptera) develop together in the same paper wasp
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Crazy wasps: when parasites manipulate the Polistes phenotype
The infection of Polistes dominulus wasps by the strepsipteran Xenos vesparum provides a suitable case study for exploring parasitic manipulation and it is highlighted how this parasite manipulates the flexible phenotype of the wasp to maximize its own reproductive success.
Morphophysiological and cuticular chemical alterations caused by Xenos entomophagus endoparasites in the social wasp Polistes ferreri (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
The hypothesis that females of this social wasp would undergo morphophysiological alterations as well as changes in their cuticular chemical profile caused by the obligate endoparasite species on the host Polistes ferreri was confirmed, and it is likely that this parasitism effect could hamper the maintenance of wasp colonies.
Genetics, behavior and ecology of a paper wasp invasion : Polistes dominulus in North America
A review of this ongoing invasion of the European paper wasp Polistes dominulus into North America in terms of population genetic variation in P. dominulus, and data from comparative studies where the two species are sympatric and possible mechanisms contributing to the differences between them is reviewed.
Life history traits and interactions of Stylops advarians (Strepsiptera) with its bee host, Andrena milwaukeensis
As the foraging season progressed from early May till late June over three consecutive years (2016–2018), most stylopized bees possessed endoparasitic adult (neotenic) females of S. advarians protruding from the bee gaster's dorsum, suggesting the parasites manipulate female bee hosts to emerge earlier, in close synchrony to male bee emergence.
Behaviour and chemical signature of pre-hibernating females of Polistes dominulus infected by the strepsipteran Xenos vesparum
By gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, the cuticular hydrocarbons of unparasitized and parasitized wasps were examined to evaluate if the infection alters the composition of cuticular waxes that are recognition cues in social insects.


Prevalence of the parasite Strepsiptera in Polistes as detected by dissection of immatures
Details are presented of 45 nest dissections for 4 species of Polistes to detail levels of parasitism of colony members by the obligate parasitic group of insects, the Strepsiptera, and show that the genus Poliste may have much to offer to this field.
Parasitoids and Parasites of Polistes metricus Say (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in Northeast Georgia
Abstract The strepsipteran Xenos peckii Kirby, the ichneumonid Pachysomoides fulvus Cresson, the pyralid Chalcoela pegasalis Walker, and the eulophid Elasmus polistis Burks were recorded from 303
Swarming of Paper Wasp (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) Sexuals at Towers in Florida
The swarming of males and reproductive females of species of Polistes was documented at 14 structures in Florida from late September into December, and females appeared to form overwintering aggregations, and males scent-marked and defended perches near the tops of the towers.
Cost of strepsipteran macroparasitism for immature wasps: does sociality modulate virulence?
There was no difference in virulence between infected and uninfected individuals for the seven days following infection; either measured as host mortality or mass loss, and the need for further inquiry into the influence of sociality upon the evolution of parasite virulence is highlighted.
Rate of Strepsipteran Parasitization among Overwintered Females of the Hornet Vespa analis (Hymenoptera: Vespidae)
Estimation of the ratio of queens and workers of the hornet Vespa analis parasitized by the strepsipterous parasite Xenos moutoni in overwintered females from morphological data collected for three years is useful for understanding the population dynamics of the Hornet.
Review of the Order Strepsiptera
The morphology, biology and life history of the immature stages, the free‐living and the neotenic females and the free-living males of the order Strepsiptera and the morphological and physiological changes they cause to the host insect are outlined.
Social wasps desert the colony and aggregate outside if parasitized: parasite manipulation?
It is suggested that early nest desertion and subsequent aggregations by parasitized nominal workers and "future queens" is adaptive manipulation of host behavior by the parasite to promote the completion of its life cycle.
Seasonal variations in the size and anatomy of Polistes gallicus (L.) (Hymenoptera Vespidae).
SUMMARY In Polistes gallicus (L.) (Hymenoptera Vespidae) as in other species of the same genus, there is a gradual increase in body size of the females (foundresses and workers) during the summer. In
Evidence that Polistes dominulus, an invasive European paper wasp introduced to the United States, exhibits life-history traits that predispose it to successful colonization is presented.
Sexual Competition for Space of the Parasite Xenos pallidus Brues in Male Polistes annularis (L.) (Strepsiptera, Stylopidae, and Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
Xenos pallidus Brues is the only known stylopid parasite of Polistes annularis (L.) and is apparently restricted to this host (Bohart, 1941, and personal communication, 1979). X. pallidus within the