Prevalence of the parasite Strepsiptera in Polistes as detected by dissection of immatures

  title={Prevalence of the parasite Strepsiptera in Polistes as detected by dissection of immatures},
  author={David P Hughes and Laura Beani and Stefano Turillazzi and Jeyaraney Kathirithamby},
  journal={Insectes Sociaux},
Summary. hough the paper wasp genus, Polistes, is well studied, we know little of the incidence of parasitism in this group. Here we present details of 45 nest dissections for 4 species: P. dominulus (Christ), P. gallicus (L.), P. stabilinus Richards and P. carnifex (F.) to detail levels of parasitism of colony members by the obligate parasitic group of insects, the Strepsiptera. All 4 species showed evidence of parasitism among immature members. For 3 species, more than 50% of inspected nests… 
Levels of parasitism of Xenos myrapetrus (Stresiptera, Stylopidae) and its seasonal changes in the swarm-founding wasp, Polybia paulista (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
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The hypothesis that females of this social wasp would undergo morphophysiological alterations as well as changes in their cuticular chemical profile caused by the obligate endoparasite species on the host Polistes ferreri was confirmed, and it is likely that this parasitism effect could hamper the maintenance of wasp colonies.
Unexpected cryptic species diversity of parasites of the family Xenidae (Strepsiptera) with a constant diversification rate over time
The constant rate in net diversification in the twisted‐wing parasite family Xenidae (Strepsiptera) can be explained by the flexibility of this parasitic group, represented by their ability to colonize new host lineages combined with passive long‐range dispersal by hosts.
The Polistes war: weak immune function in the invasive P. dominulus relative to the native P. fuscatus
This work quantified activated levels of immune function by measuring the encapsulation response and phenoloxidase activity and then compared these levels between species, and results indicate that P. dominulus has lower levels of both mechanisms of immunity.
We do not select, nor are we choosy: reproductive biology of Strepsiptera (Insecta)
It is concluded that Strepsiptera fall within the synchronous sensory exploitation model where short-lived males take advantage of a pre-existing sensory system involving pheromone signals emitted by females.
Preference of Polistes dominula wasps for trumpet creepers when infected by Xenos vesparum: A novel example of co-evolved traits between host and parasite
In this long-term observational study, the spectacular attraction of parasitized workers towards trumpet creeper bushes (Campsis radicans) in early-summer is described and the occurrence and consistency of this phenomenon across different sites and years are described.


Observations on Certain Lepidopterous and Hymenopterous Parasites of Polistes Wasps
Many species have strayed so far from the generally accepted vegetarian habits of Lepidoptera as to be nothing short of astonishing.
Parasites and Symbionts of Nests of Polistes Wasps
Twenty-three species of insects were known to be associated with Polistes nests in the United States; data on 18 additional insects and 1 mite species were gathered during this study.
Host choice and fitness correlates for conopid flies parasitising bumblebees
Pupal weight, a predictor of adult body size and parasitoid fecundity, is positively correlated with host size and larger pupae are more likely to emerge, while host species had no effect on the probability of emergence in either conopid species.
Construction and utilization of multiple combs in Polistes canadensis in relation to the biology of a predaceous moth
  • R. Jeanne
  • Biology
    Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • 2004
It is hypothesized that several peculiar behaviors exhibited by the wasp, including multiple comb building, are adaptations that reduce brood loss to these moths, which could help counter the much greater risk to the second batch of brood of loss to moth infestation.
The comparative biology of two sympatric paper wasps, the native Polistes fuscatus and the invasive Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
Polistes dominulus (Christ), an old world paper wasp, was introduced accidentally into the eastern coast of the United States in the late 1970s and has been rapidly spreading westward, displacing the native P. fuscatus (F.) through exploitative competition.
The comparative biology of two sympatric paper wasps in Michigan, the native Polistes fuscatus and the invasive Polistes dominulus (Hymenoptera, Vespidae)
The biology of the invasive Polistes dominulus and the native P. fuscatus was compared at a field site in Rochester, Michigan over a two-year period and found that P. dominulus is likely replacing P.fuscatus in many areas of southeastern Michigan via indirect or exploitative competition.
Correlates of reproductive success among field colonies of Bombus lucorum: the importance of growth and parasites
Investigation of how the presence of parasites in field populations of the bumble bee Bombus lucorum L. relates to variation in life history traits and reproductive performance provides a heuristic approach to understand the factors that affect reproductive success of Bombus colonies.
Seasonal variations in the size and anatomy of Polistes gallicus (L.) (Hymenoptera Vespidae).
SUMMARY In Polistes gallicus (L.) (Hymenoptera Vespidae) as in other species of the same genus, there is a gradual increase in body size of the females (foundresses and workers) during the summer. In
On the evolutionary ecology of host–parasite interactions: addressing the question with regard to bumblebees and their parasites
Using bumblebees, Bombus spp, and their parasites as a model system, answers to questions about how genetics affects host–parasite interactions are found and the unexpected discovery of novel phenomena concerning, for instance, female mating strategies is found.
Protein level in the haemolymph of the waspPolistes gallicus L. at the beginning of imaginal life and during overwintering. Action of the strepsiterian parasiteXenos vesparum rossi
During the imaginal life of malePolistes wasps, the protein concentration in the haemolymph remained constant. In females, there were 2 groups; one in which this concentration was also stable and