Prevalence of individual and combined components of the female athlete triad.

  title={Prevalence of individual and combined components of the female athlete triad.},
  author={Jenna C. Gibbs and Nancy I. Williams and Mary Jane De Souza},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  volume={45 5},
PURPOSE The female athlete triad (Triad) is a syndrome linking low energy availability (EA) with or without disordered eating (DE), menstrual disturbances (MD), and low bone mineral density (BMD) in exercising women. The prevalence of Triad conditions (both clinical and subclinical) has not been clearly established.The purpose of this review is to evaluate the studies that determined the prevalence of clinical or subclinical Triad conditions (low EA, DE, MD, and low BMD) in exercising women and… 

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