Prevalence of hardcore smoking in England, and associated attitudes and beliefs: cross sectional study.

@article{Jarvis2003PrevalenceOH,
  title={Prevalence of hardcore smoking in England, and associated attitudes and beliefs: cross sectional study.},
  author={MartinJ. Jarvis and Jane Wardle and Johan Waller and Lesley Ann Owen},
  journal={BMJ},
  year={2003},
  volume={326 7398},
  pages={
          1061
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To quantify the prevalence and characteristics of hardcore smokers in England. DESIGN Cross sectional survey. SETTING Interview in respondents' household. PARTICIPANTS 7766 adult cigarette smokers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Hardcore smoking defined by four criteria (less than a day without cigarettes in the past five years; no attempt to quit in the past year; no desire to quit; no intention to quit), all of which had to be satisfied. RESULTS Some 16% of all smokers were… CONTINUE READING
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The case for hardening

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