Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Blindness in Upper Egypt: A Gender-based Perspective

  title={Prevalence of Visual Impairment and Blindness in Upper Egypt: A Gender-based Perspective},
  author={Ahmed Mousa and Paul Courtright and Armin{\'e}e Kazanjian and Ken Bassett},
  journal={Ophthalmic Epidemiology},
  pages={190 - 196}
Abstract Purpose: To estimate the prevalence, causes of and risk factors for vision loss in Upper Egypt. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, four villages in Upper Egypt were randomly selected; within these four villages, households were randomly selected and within the selected households all residents aged ≥40 years were enumerated and enrolled. Door-to-door eye examinations of household members were conducted. Data on relevant demographic and socioeconomic characteristics were collected… 

The prevalence of visual impairment and blindness in underserved rural areas: a crucial issue for future

The prevalence of visual impairment was markedly high in underserved Iranian villages and lack of access to health services was the main reason for the high prevalence in this study.

Prevalence, Causes and Social Factors of Visual Impairment among Chinese Adults: Based on a National Survey

Older age groups, young or middle-aged male adults, female elders, illiterate, rural dwellers, non-eastern residents, singles, unemployment, and from family with lower income were associated with visual impairment in Chinese adults.

Prevalence and Causes of Visual Impairment and Blindness in Shanxi Province, China

Prevalences of visual impairment and blindness in women and in rural areas were higher than in men and urban areas, and increased with age, according to the findings from this study.

Population-based rapid assessment of avoidable blindness survey in Sohag governorate in Egypt

The prevalence of blindness in Sohag governorate is higher than districts in other middle-income countries in the region and the quality of cataract surgery needs to be addressed, while health system strengthening across government and private settings could alleviate financial barriers.

Prevalence and associated factors of visual impairment among adults at Debre Berhan town, North Shewa, Ethiopia

Prevalence of visual impairment among adults was found to be a significant public health problem and older age, illiterates, previous eye trauma, large family size and family history eye problem were positively associated with visual impairment.

Gender and Glaucoma: Findings from a Hospital-based Study in Upper Egypt

Disaggregation of glaucoma data by gender should be applied as a routine in prevention of low vision and blindness research, because women are more affected than men because of gender specific risk factors.

Senile Cataract in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia: Hospital Based Study

Senile cataract was found in 95.5% of the studied old aged participants, there was high rates of no operatedCataract in older people in North Saudi Arabia, and Males had higher rates of cataracts, and 0.6% had complete blindness.

Prevalence, causes, and impact of self-reported vision impairment among older people in China: Findings from the China health and retirement longitudinal study

It was concluded that older people with self-reported vision impairment were relatively low and it is majorly caused by refractive error, and Older people with distance vision impairment and near vision impairmentwere more likely to report falls and depressive symptoms in the future.

Visual impairment and its associated factors among medical and health sciences students at the University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

The prevalence of visual impairment among medical and health science students was high and this study warrants the routine screening of Medical and Health science students for visual impairment.



Prevalence and Causes of Blindness, Low Vision and Status of Cataract in 50 Years and Older Citizen of Qatar—A Community Based Survey

Primary and secondary eye care systems should be strengthened to improve the care of blinding eye diseases in Qatar and to reduce avoidable blindness, un-operated cataract should be addressed.

Prevalence and Causes of Visual Impairment and Blindness, Cataract Surgical Coverage and Outcomes of Cataract Surgery in Libya

Libya needs to improve the quality of cataract surgery across all the regions, except in the south, which needs improvement in both quality and coverage of services.

Sociodemographic characteristics associated with blindness in a Nile Delta governorate of Egypt

Socioeconomic status does not appear to be a significant factor associated with blindness in adults in this setting, and sociocultural factors, in particular, characteristics associated with gender sensitive decision making within households are likely to be more important considerations in understanding blindness in these communities.

Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness in the Occupied Palestinian Territories

The prevalence of blindness suggests that significant numbers of people in the Occupied Palestinian Territories exist who do not access eye care - predominantly women and those residing in Gaza and programmes need to focus on maximizing the use of current services by these excluded groups.

Poverty and blindness in Pakistan: results from the Pakistan national blindness and visual impairment survey

Blindness is associated with poverty in Pakistan; lower access to eye care services was one contributory factor and strategies targeting poor people will be needed.

Social inequalities in blindness and visual impairment: A review of social determinants

Health inequities are related to social determinants based on gender, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, race, living in a specific geographic region, or having a specific health condition and inequities based specifically on the aforementioned social determinant influence the prevalence of visual impairment and blindness.

Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness and diabetic retinopathy in Taif, Saudi Arabia

There was a high prevalence of diabetes, DR and STDR in Taif, Saudi Arabia using the Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) framework and it was possible to assess diabetes and DR within RAAB but it increased the survey duration, cost and complexity.

Gender and blindness: eye disease and the use of eye care services.

Ophthalmic and women's health researchers, policy makers and programme staff held a meeting in Moshi, Tanzania from 17–21 June, 2002 to discuss gender and blindness.

Gender and blindness: a meta-analysis of population-based prevalence surveys

A meta-analysis of published, population-based surveys of blindness found that women bear excess blindness compared to men globally, and particular attention to gender differences in blindness is needed in the creation of targets for blindness reduction and in the development of interventions.

Cataract surgical coverage remains lower in women

It is estimated that blindness and severe visual impairment from cataract could be reduced by around 11% in the low- and middle-income countries if women were to receiveCataract surgery at the same rate as men.