Prevalence of Disordered Eating: A Comparison of Male and Female Collegiate Athletes and Nonathletes

  title={Prevalence of Disordered Eating: A Comparison of Male and Female Collegiate Athletes and Nonathletes},
  author={Laura Dipasquale and Trent A. Petrie},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology},
Eating disorder prevalence rates among athletes vary greatly because of the different ways in which researchers have measured and classified them, and the extent to which they are higher than those found among nonathletes remains unresolved. The present study examined prevalence of eating disorders, body image issues, and weight control behaviors using a valid diagnostic measure. Participants included 146 male and 156 female NCAA Division I student-athletes and a matched sample of 170 male and… 

Factors Associated with Eating Disorders in Male Athletes

This study identified the presence of disordered eating patterns and pathogenic weight control behaviors in both male athletes and non-athletes, the difference between them was statistically insignificant.


The purpose of the study was to examine the mean differences among collegiate student athletes and full-time college student nonathletes on measures of eating behavior, body checking, and social and

Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes

The main findings were that 17.9% of the athletes presented severe or moderate body image dissatisfaction, and 18.2% were above the clinical cutoff for body image concern, which seem to point to the existence of a real problem that athlete, coaches, doctors, and institutions need to take into account.

A Qualitative Analysis of Female Collegiate Athletes’ Eating Disorder Recovery Experiences

The purpose of this study was to characterize recovery experiences of female collegiate athletes who have suffered from eating disorders. Participants were 16 collegiate female athletes who

Assessment of Athletes With Eating Disorders: Essentials for Best Practice

It is estimated that 1.6 million people in the United States are currently diagnosed with an eating disorder. Eating disorders (EDs) have high rates of morbidity and mortality and remain the most

Confidence in eating disorder knowledge does not predict actual knowledge in collegiate female athletes

There is limited ED knowledge among collegiate female athletes and coaches should be aware of this lack of knowledge and work with clinical practitioners, such as dieticians, team physicians and athletic trainers to educate and monitor their athletes on eating disorders, specifically signs and symptoms.

Evaluating gender bias in an eating disorder risk assessment questionnaire for athletes

This work examines an eating disorder risk assessment questionnaire in a population of athletes to assess both gender bias in individual items and gender differences on a cognitive and behavioral subscale, identified through a factor analysis.

Nutritional Risks among Adolescent Athletes with Disordered Eating

Research on adolescent athletes indicates that the most common nutritional risks that may arise due to disordered eating include energy, macronutrient and micronutrients deficiencies, dehydration and electrolyte imbalances and changes in body composition that may lead to menstrual abnormalities, and decreased bone mass density.

Link between eating disorder risk, self-esteem, and body image among Puerto Rican high school student-athletes

Negative eating behaviors are problematic and can often lead to more serious health issues. Eating disorders can progress to clinical disorders, requiring immediate attention. Student-athletes often



Psychosocial Correlates of Disordered Eating Among Male Collegiate Athletes

Few studies have been conducted examining male athletes and eating disorders, even though the sport environment may increase their risk. Thus, little information exists regarding the relationship of

Female Collegiate Athletes: Prevalence of Eating Disorders and Disordered Eating Behaviors

Few participants engaged in binge eating; most used exercise, as opposed to vomiting, dieting, laxatives, or diuretics, to control their weight.

Athletes and eating disorders: the National Collegiate Athletic Association study.

Results from the current investigation are more conservative than previous studies of student athletes, but comparable to another large study of elite Norwegian athletes, clearly female athletes report more difficulty with disordered eating than male athletes.

Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Elite Athletes Is Higher Than in the General Population

The prevalence of EDs is higher in athletes than in controls, higher in female athletes more than in male athletes, and more common among those competing in leanness-dependent and weight-dependent sports than in other sports.

Predictors of disordered eating in a sample of elite Division I college athletes.

Eating Disorder Indices and Athletes: An Integration

Research shows inconclusive results pertaining to the comparison of eating disorder indices between athletes and nonathletes and among different subgroups of athletes. The purpose of this study was

A Comparison of Female College Athletes and Nonathletes: Eating Disorder Symptomatology and Psychological Well-Being

This study examines eating attitudes, body satisfaction, reasons for exercise, and general psychological well-being in female nonathletes and Division III college athletes. A total of 115 nonathletes

Disordered Eating Assessment for College Student-Athletes

Sports have received widespread attention for the risk of disordered eating, but prevalence rates among athletes have varied from one to 62 percent across studies (Beals, 2004). One explanation for

An Examination of Psychosocial Correlates of Eating Disorders Among Female Collegiate Athletes

It is suggested that athletes symptomatic of eating disorders report similarly high levels of disturbance across a wide range of psychosocial risk factors, and both groups warrant prevention and treatment efforts.

Female athletes and eating problems: a meta-analysis.

There appear to be circumstances under which sports participation by women constitutes a risk factor for certain elements of eating problems and in other situations, athletic participation may be protective against eating problems.