Prevalence of Disordered Eating: A Comparison of Male and Female Collegiate Athletes and Nonathletes

  title={Prevalence of Disordered Eating: A Comparison of Male and Female Collegiate Athletes and Nonathletes},
  author={Laura Dipasquale and Trent A. Petrie},
  journal={Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology},
Eating disorder prevalence rates among athletes vary greatly because of the different ways in which researchers have measured and classified them, and the extent to which they are higher than those found among nonathletes remains unresolved. The present study examined prevalence of eating disorders, body image issues, and weight control behaviors using a valid diagnostic measure. Participants included 146 male and 156 female NCAA Division I student-athletes and a matched sample of 170 male and… Expand
Factors Associated with Eating Disorders in Male Athletes
This study identified the presence of disordered eating patterns and pathogenic weight control behaviors in both male athletes and non-athletes, the difference between them was statistically insignificant. Expand
Body Image Concern and Eating Disorder Symptoms Among Elite Icelandic Athletes
The main findings were that 17.9% of the athletes presented severe or moderate body image dissatisfaction, and 18.2% were above the clinical cutoff for body image concern, which seem to point to the existence of a real problem that athlete, coaches, doctors, and institutions need to take into account. Expand
A Qualitative Analysis of Female Collegiate Athletes’ Eating Disorder Recovery Experiences
The purpose of this study was to characterize recovery experiences of female collegiate athletes who have suffered from eating disorders. Participants were 16 collegiate female athletes whoExpand
Eating disorder symptoms among undergraduate and graduate students at 12 U.S. colleges and universities.
This study suggests smaller gender difference in prevalence of eating disorder symptoms than previously reported and identifies students with overweight/obesity as salient targets for campus-based eating disorder screening and early intervention efforts. Expand
Assessment of Athletes With Eating Disorders: Essentials for Best Practice
It is estimated that 1.6 million people in the United States are currently diagnosed with an eating disorder. Eating disorders (EDs) have high rates of morbidity and mortality and remain the mostExpand
Confidence in eating disorder knowledge does not predict actual knowledge in collegiate female athletes
There is limited ED knowledge among collegiate female athletes and coaches should be aware of this lack of knowledge and work with clinical practitioners, such as dieticians, team physicians and athletic trainers to educate and monitor their athletes on eating disorders, specifically signs and symptoms. Expand
Prevalence of Eating Disorder Risk and Body Image Dissatisfaction among ROTC Cadets
The ROTC cadets in this study displayed eating disorder risk and BI dissatisfaction, which is concerning for tactical readiness, long-term behavioral health issues, and injury from pathogenic behaviors. Expand
Evaluating gender bias in an eating disorder risk assessment questionnaire for athletes
This work examines an eating disorder risk assessment questionnaire in a population of athletes to assess both gender bias in individual items and gender differences on a cognitive and behavioral subscale, identified through a factor analysis. Expand
Nutritional Risks among Adolescent Athletes with Disordered Eating
Research on adolescent athletes indicates that the most common nutritional risks that may arise due to disordered eating include energy, macronutrient and micronutrients deficiencies, dehydration and electrolyte imbalances and changes in body composition that may lead to menstrual abnormalities, and decreased bone mass density. Expand
Link between eating disorder risk, self-esteem, and body image among Puerto Rican high school student-athletes
Negative eating behaviors are problematic and can often lead to more serious health issues. Eating disorders can progress to clinical disorders, requiring immediate attention. Student-athletes oftenExpand


Psychosocial Correlates of Disordered Eating Among Male Collegiate Athletes
Few studies have been conducted examining male athletes and eating disorders, even though the sport environment may increase their risk. Thus, little information exists regarding the relationship ofExpand
Female Collegiate Athletes: Prevalence of Eating Disorders and Disordered Eating Behaviors
Few participants engaged in binge eating; most used exercise, as opposed to vomiting, dieting, laxatives, or diuretics, to control their weight. Expand
Athletes and eating disorders: the National Collegiate Athletic Association study.
Results from the current investigation are more conservative than previous studies of student athletes, but comparable to another large study of elite Norwegian athletes, clearly female athletes report more difficulty with disordered eating than male athletes. Expand
Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Elite Athletes Is Higher Than in the General Population
The prevalence of EDs is higher in athletes than in controls, higher in female athletes more than in male athletes, and more common among those competing in leanness-dependent and weight-dependent sports than in other sports. Expand
Predictors of disordered eating in a sample of elite Division I college athletes.
Findings suggest that in elite athletes gender, ethnicity, sport, and self-esteem are associated with several behaviors and attitudes indicative of disordered eating. Expand
Eating Disorder Indices and Athletes: An Integration
Research shows inconclusive results pertaining to the comparison of eating disorder indices between athletes and nonathletes and among different subgroups of athletes. The purpose of this study wasExpand
A Comparison of Female College Athletes and Nonathletes: Eating Disorder Symptomatology and Psychological Well-Being
This study examines eating attitudes, body satisfaction, reasons for exercise, and general psychological well-being in female nonathletes and Division III college athletes. A total of 115 nonathletesExpand
Eating Disorder Prevalence and Symptoms for Track and Field Athletes and Nonathletes
The general purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and symptoms of eating disorders (ED) for 412 high school, university, and elite male and female track and field athletes and higher-Expand
Disordered Eating Assessment for College Student-Athletes
Sports have received widespread attention for the risk of disordered eating, but prevalence rates among athletes have varied from one to 62 percent across studies (Beals, 2004). One explanation forExpand
An Examination of Psychosocial Correlates of Eating Disorders Among Female Collegiate Athletes
It is suggested that athletes symptomatic of eating disorders report similarly high levels of disturbance across a wide range of psychosocial risk factors, and both groups warrant prevention and treatment efforts. Expand