Prevalence of Circumcision Among Men and Boys Aged 14 to 59 Years in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2005–2010

@article{Introcaso2013PrevalenceOC,
  title={Prevalence of Circumcision Among Men and Boys Aged 14 to 59 Years in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2005–2010},
  author={Camille E. Introcaso and Fujie Xu and Peter H Kilmarx and Akbar A. Zaidi and Lauri E. Markowitz},
  journal={Sexually Transmitted Diseases},
  year={2013},
  volume={40},
  pages={521–525}
}
Background In 2009, an estimated 3590 new heterosexually acquired HIV infections occurred in males in the United States. Three randomized controlled trials demonstrated that male circumcision decreased a man’s risk for HIV acquisition through heterosexual sex. We describe circumcision prevalence in US males and determine circumcision prevalence among males potentially at increased risk for heterosexually acquired HIV infection. Methods We estimated circumcision prevalence among men and boys… 
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TLDR
Circumcision was associated with substantially reduced HIV risk in patients with known HIV exposure, suggesting that results of other studies demonstrating reduced HIVrisk for circumcision among heterosexual men likely can be generalized to the US context.
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TLDR
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TLDR
Newborn circumcision resulted in lower expected HIV-related treatment costs and a slight increase in QALYs, and was a cost-saving HIV prevention intervention for all, black and Hispanic males.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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