Prevalence and treatment of aerobic vaginitis among non-pregnant women: evaluation of the evidence for an underestimated clinical entity

@article{Tansarli2013PrevalenceAT,
  title={Prevalence and treatment of aerobic vaginitis among non-pregnant women: evaluation of the evidence for an underestimated clinical entity},
  author={Giannoula S. Tansarli and Efthymios K. Kostaras and Stavros Athanasiou and Matthew E. Falagas},
  journal={European Journal of Clinical Microbiology \& Infectious Diseases},
  year={2013},
  volume={32},
  pages={977-984}
}
We sought to evaluate the evidence on the prevalence of aerobic vaginitis (AV) among symptomatic non-pregnant women, as well as the treatment administered for this clinical entity. The PubMed and Scopus databases were systematically searched. Sixteen studies met the inclusion criteria, 11 of which reported on the prevalence of possible AV, two on the prevalence of diagnosed AV, and three on the treatment and outcomes of women with diagnosed AV. The prevalence of diagnosed AV varied from 5 to 10… Expand
The Threat of Aerobic Vaginitis to Pregnancy and Neonatal Morbidity.
TLDR
The review revealed that the association of AV with adverse pregnancy outcomes has not been as widely researched as bacterial vaginosis (BV and needs further investigation, and the frequent misdiagnosis of AV coupled with the emerging antimicrobial resistance associated with bacteria implicated in AV and neonatal nosocomial infections pose a problem for prophylaxis and treatment. Expand
Characterization of aerobic vaginitis in late pregnancy in a Chinese population
TLDR
It was found that pregnant women with AV had high rates of histories of vaginitis, premature rupture of membranes and neonatal infection, and these results may translate to treatments that are more cost-effective than current standard treatments. Expand
Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance Profile of Bacterial Pathogens in Aerobic Vaginitis: A Retrospective Study in Italy
TLDR
The prevalence of Aerobic vaginitis was defined, to detect causative bacteria and their antimicrobial resistance pattern and a higher incidence of infection was found in the 55–64 age group. Expand
Aerobic Bacterial Pathogens causing Vaginitis in Patients Attending A Tertiary Care Hospital and their Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern
TLDR
The study emphasises the need for complete investigation of aerobic vaginal pathogens in patients with clinical symptoms of vaginitis and finds that Gram negative bacteria were found to be more susceptible to Piperacillin Tazobactem, imipenem, meropenem, etc. Expand
Prevalence of bacterial vaginosis in pregnant and non-pregnant Iranian women: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
A high prevalence of BV in non-pregnant women in Iran is revealed, and taking preventive measures such as awareness of patients as well as monitoring and controlling of syndrome are essential. Expand
Abnormal vaginal flora in symptomatic non-pregnant and pregnant women in a Greek hospital: a prospective study
TLDR
Clinicians should include AV in the differential diagnosis of vaginitis, while microbiologists should take into account the growth of aerobic bacteria in vaginal cultures originating from women with microscopic findings of AV. Expand
Aerobic vaginitis – An underdiagnosed cause of vaginal discharge – Narrative review
TLDR
The condition’s epidemiology, risk factors and suspected aetiology, symptoms and signs, and the latest evidence-backed approach to diagnosis and treatment are reviewed. Expand
Diagnostic and therapeutic advancements for aerobic vaginitis
TLDR
The early diagnosis and treatment of AV during pregnancy significantly improves perinatal outcomes and the application of topical probiotics can restore the vaginal flora and reduce the recurrence of AV. Expand
Diagnosis and microecological characteristics of aerobic vaginitis in outpatients based on preformed enzymes.
TLDR
AV is a common type of genital infection in southwestern China and is characterized by sexually active age and combined infection predominated by the AV and BV type. Expand
Diagnosis of aerobic vaginitis by quantitative real-time PCR
TLDR
PCR may be a good standardized substitution for AV diagnosis in settings where well-trained microscopists are lacking and could substitute microscopy as a test. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 38 REFERENCES
Aerobic vaginitis and mixed infections: comparison of clinical and laboratory findings
TLDR
AV is a common vaginal infection, and it is often mixed with other infections, especially VVC, BV and TV, and an appropriate course should be selected taking the severity of AV into consideration. Expand
Chlamydial infection in a high risk population: association with vaginal flora patterns
TLDR
A high rate of chlamydial infection was found in this population of high risk Brazilian women and chlamydia infection is associated with aerobic vaginitis. Expand
[Etiology of cervical vaginal infection among patients of the Juárez Hospital of Mexico].
TLDR
The diversity of etiologic agents requires performing bacteriological cultures of cervical and vaginal discharge to all symptomatic patients to establish an accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Expand
A retrospective analysis of isolates from patients with vaginitis in a private Greek obstetric/gynecological hospital (2003-2006).
TLDR
Ninety-one percent of the isolated and identified pathogens from vaginal cultures of symptomatic Greek women included Candida albicans, Gardnerella vaginalis, and Trichomonas vaginais, with the first two species representing the great majority. Expand
Aetiological agents of vaginitis in Nigerian women.
TLDR
A broad spectrum of microbial agents were shown to be responsible for vaginitis in the group of patients studied, and positive HIV serology was seen in 25 of the 250 women studied. Expand
Topical Kanamycin: an Effective Therapeutic Option in Aerobic Vaginitis
TLDR
The data suggest that the topical use of kanamycin could be considered a specific antibiotic for the therapy of this new pathology of aerobic vaginitis. Expand
The high vaginal swab in general practice: clinical correlates of possible pathogens.
TLDR
Clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of 286 women whose high vaginal swabs showed pure, heavy growth of Staphylococcus aureus, beta haemolytic streptococci groups A, C or G, Streptococcus milleri, StrePTococcus pneumoniae or Haemophilus influenzae were analysed showed that S. pneumoniae and H. Influenzae appeared to cause clinical disease. Expand
Nonspecific vaginitis. Diagnostic criteria and microbial and epidemiologic associations.
TLDR
Application of practical diagnostic criteria for standard clinical use should assist in clinical management of nonspecific vaginitis and in further study of the microbiologic and biochemical correlates and the pathogenesis of this mild but quite prevalent disease. Expand
Etiologic agents of cervicovaginitis in Turkish women.
TLDR
Performing the etiologic diagnosis of cervicovaginitis is necessary in order to take appropriate therapeutic and preventive measures and recommend G. vaginalis, C. albicans and C. trachomatis should be investigated in patients having a diagnosis of vaginal fornix and cervix in the authors' population. Expand
Microbiological/clinical characteristics and validation of topical therapy with kanamycin in aerobic vaginitis: a pilot study.
TLDR
The results showed the validity of the treatment with kanamycin intravaginally in this recently recognised disease, with a direct correlation with recovery of vaginal homeostasis demonstrated by the normalisation of the vaginal pH and by the presence of lactobacilli, only in Kanamycin treated group. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...