Prevalence and indicators of post partum fatty infiltration of the liver in nine commercial dairy herds in The Netherlands

@article{Jorritsma2001PrevalenceAI,
  title={Prevalence and indicators of post partum fatty infiltration of the liver in nine commercial dairy herds in The Netherlands},
  author={Ruurd Jorritsma and H. Jorritsma and Ynte H. Schukken and Paul C. Bartlett and Theo Wensing and G. H. Wentink},
  journal={Livestock Production Science},
  year={2001},
  volume={68},
  pages={53-60}
}

Tables from this paper

Correlation between liver lipidosis, body condition score variation, and hepatic analytes in dairy cows
Abstract Liver lipidosis is a metabolic disorder mostly observed in high yielding dairy cattle, especially during the transition period. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between
Functional and morphological state of the liver in Simmental dairy cows during transi- tional period
TLDR
It is demonstrated that mild fatty liver physiologically occurred during post-partum inducing some cellular lesions and a weak function impairment of the liver.
Relationship among blood indicators of hepatic function and lipid content in the liver during transitional period in high-yielding dairy cows
TLDR
This investigation demonstrated that in healthy transitional cows a mild fatty infi ltration occurred in liver during the late pregnancy and early lactation, and the histopathological examination showed a moderate to severe degree of fatty liver in ketotic cows.
Relationship among blood metabolites and lipid content in the liver in transitional dairy cows
TLDR
Investigation has shown that the lipid content in the liver and the blood non-esterificed fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyrate, total bilirubin concentrations and the AST activities were significantly higher in puerperal ketotic cows as compared to the values of these parameters in the blood of healthy cows.
Fatty Liver in High Producing Dairy Cows Kept in Evaporative Cooling System in a Commercial Dairy Herd in Thailand
TLDR
Evidence of fatty liver was found in high producing dairy cows, kept under cooled condition in Thailand, indicating that cows with higher milk yield tended to enter deeper negative energy balance postpartum and as a consequence had more intensive lipolysis, leading to accumulation of a greater amount of triacylglycerols in the liver.
NEW INSIGHTS INTO BODY CONDITION SCORE AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH FATTY LIVER IN HOLSTEIN DAIRY COWS
TLDR
The results indicate that in cows with severe fatty liver lipomobilisation is intensive and starts around calving, before milk production enhacement, and clearly indicate that body condition is not the only etiological factor that leads to fatty liver in dairy cows.
Liver Dry Matter and Liver Lipids in Periparturient Dairy Cows
Rosendo O., L. R. McDowell: Liver Dry Matter and Liver Lipids in Periparturient Dairy Cows. Acta Vet. Brno 2003, 72: 541-546. One hundred and fifty liver samples were collected from forty multiparous
Biochemical markers of ketosis in dairy cows at post-parturient period
TLDR
Blood samples were collected from diseased and healthy animals and the harvested serum were used for determination of biochemical, the profiles of lipids and liver enzymes and the obtained results declared that serum insulin had highly significant decrease in group C, as compared to healthy cows.
Clinicopathologic evaluation of hepatic lipidosis in periparturient dairy cattle.
TLDR
Except for OCT, AST, and tBIL, none of the biochemical tests used, including SBA, had sufficient discriminatory power to differentiate reliably between mild and severe FCL because of poor sensitivity.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
The relationship between post-parturient fatty liver and blood composition in dairy cows
TLDR
Using an equation based on blood concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids, glucose and aspartate aminotransferase it was possible to assign correctly three out of four cows to either the mild or moderate fatty liver groups.
Relationship of hepatic lipidosis to health and performance in dairy cattle.
TLDR
In a field study of 80 cows in 9 dairy herds, serial liver biopsies were performed over the peripartum period to determine degree of hepatic lipidosis, cattle with severe hepatics had reproductive performance equal to clinically normal cattle and cattle with moderate liver lipidosis had increased days to conception, possibly related to greater milk production.
Incidence and severity of fatty liver in dairy cows
  • I. Reid
  • Biology, Medicine
    Veterinary Record
  • 1980
TLDR
Fat occupied a significant proportion of the hepatic parenchyma in Friesian and Guernsey cows from the second lactation onwards but decreased to low values at eight weeks after calving.
Fatty liver in dairy cows
TLDR
Fatty liver is part of a generalised fat mobilisation syndrome which affects cows early in lactation as milk production outstrips appetite and body reserves are used to meet the energy deficit.
Effect of prepartum propylene glycol administration on periparturient fatty liver in dairy cows.
TLDR
Prepartum propylene glycol administration reduced hepatic triglyceride accumulation by 32 and 42% at 1 and 21 d postpartum, respectively, and prepartum plasma BHBA was reduced during propylene Glycol administration.
Higher postpartum hepatic triacylglycerol concentrations in dairy cows with free rather than restricted access to feed during the dry period are associated with lower activities of hepatic glycerolphosphate acyltransferase.
TLDR
It is indicated that in cows given free instead of restricted access to feed during the dry period have a postpartum hepatic triacylglycerol accumulation that is mainly determined by a raised hepatic uptake of plasma NEFA.
Physiological changes at parturition and their relationship to metabolic disorders.
TLDR
Three basic physiological functions must be maintained during the periparturient period if disease is to be avoided: adaptation of the rumen to lactation diets that are high in energy density, maintenance of normocalcemia, and maintenance of a strong immune system.
Impaired specific immunoreactivity in cows with hepatic lipidosis.
Metabolic changes in blood and liver during development and early treatment of experimental fatty liver and ketosis in cows.
TLDR
Results indicate that experimental ketosis was preceded by metabolic abnormalities up to 2 wk before clinical ketosis occurred, and Hepatic in vitro gluconeogenic capacity decreased significantly for ketosis induction protocol cows when clinicalketosis was detected.
...
...