Prevalence and heritability of skin picking in an adult community sample: A twin study

@article{Monzani2012PrevalenceAH,
  title={Prevalence and heritability of skin picking in an adult community sample: A twin study},
  author={Benedetta Monzani and Fr{\"u}hling Vesta Rijsdijk and Lynn M Cherkas and Juliette M. Harris and Nancy J. Keuthen and David Mataix-Cols},
  journal={American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics},
  year={2012},
  volume={159B}
}
Skin‐picking disorder (SPD) is a disabling psychiatric condition that can lead to skin damage and other medical complications. Epidemiological data is scarce and its causes are unknown. The present study examined the prevalence and heritability of skin‐picking symptoms in a large sample of twins. A total of 2,518 twins completed a valid and reliable self‐report measure of skin‐picking behavior. The prevalence of clinically significant skin picking was established using empirically derived cut… 

Prevalence and heritability of obsessive‐compulsive spectrum and anxiety disorder symptoms: A survey of the Australian Twin Registry

TLDR
Novel findings in this study include the observation of probable genetic sex differences in liability towards hoarding symptoms and dysmorphic concern, as well as the lack of such differences in hypochondriasis.

Skin picking in patients with obesity: Associations with impulsiveness and self-harm.

TLDR
A high occurrence of skin picking is revealed in patients with obesity class II/III compared to the general population and an association between skin picking severity and attentional impulsiveness is indicated.

Skin picking disorder is associated with other body-focused repetitive behaviors: findings from an internet study.

TLDR
These findings are the first to show that SPD and BFRBs other than HPD frequently co-occur, and extend previous work showing that SPD has a family component and suggest thatSPD and HPD may run in the same families.

Classification of excoriation (skin picking) disorder: current status and future directions

TLDR
A brief overview of evidence supporting the diagnostic validity and clinical utility of the SPD category is provided and future research directions are pointed out.

Skin picking disorder: what can we learn from such a topical issue?

TLDR
It is clinically challenging to make an accurate diagnosis of SPD and, in the authors' experience, successful management requires a sensitive and holistic biopsychosocial approach involving a psychodermatology multidisciplinary team.

Prevalence of pathological skin-picking in dermatological patients.

Skin picking disorder.

TLDR
Clinical evaluation of patients with skin picking disorder entails a broad physical and psychiatric examination, encouraging an interdisciplinary approach to evaluation and treatment.

The structure of genetic and environmental risk factors for dimensional representations of DSM-5 obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders.

TLDR
The results help explain the apparent similarities as well as some important differences between the disorders included in the new Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders chapter.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 35 REFERENCES

Self-injurious skin picking: clinical characteristics and comorbidity.

TLDR
Self-injurious skin picking is a severe and chronic psychiatric and dermatologic problem associated with high rates of psychiatric comorbidity and may, in some cases, represent an attempt to regulate intense emotions.

The prevalence of pathologic skin picking in US adults.

Skin picking phenomenology and severity comparison.

TLDR
Investigating phenomenological variables related to skin picking, such as family involvement, anxiety, depression, and the emotional consequences of skin picking contributes to the existing literature by investigating phenomenological variable related toSkin picking.

A clinical comparison of pathologic skin picking and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Repetitive skin-picking in a student population and comparison with a sample of self-injurious skin-pickers.

TLDR
Student subjects significantly differed from the clinical sample-of self-injurious skin-pickers in the duration, focus, and extent of picking, techniques used, reasons for picking, associated emotions, and picking sequelae.

Characteristics of 34 adults with psychogenic excoriation.

TLDR
Psychogenic excoriation is chronic, involves multiple sites, and is associated with a high rate of psychiatric comorbidity, and spans a compulsive-impulsive spectrum.

Phenomenological Characteristics, Social Problems, and the Economic Impact Associated With Chronic Skin Picking

TLDR
Results indicated that skin pickers experienced social, occupational, and academic impairment, a number of medical or mental health concerns, and financial burdens, which they attributed to skin picking, and the relationship between skin picking severity and symptoms of anxiety and depression was partially mediated by experiential avoidance.