Prevalence and geographic distribution of Dirofilaria immitis, Borrelia burgdorferi, Ehrlichia canis, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in dogs in the United States: results of a national clinic-based serologic survey.

@article{Bowman2009PrevalenceAG,
  title={Prevalence and geographic distribution of Dirofilaria immitis, Borrelia burgdorferi, Ehrlichia canis, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in dogs in the United States: results of a national clinic-based serologic survey.},
  author={Dwight Douglas Bowman and S. E. Little and Leif Lorentzen and James Shields and Michael P. Sullivan and Ellen P Carlin},
  journal={Veterinary parasitology},
  year={2009},
  volume={160 1-2},
  pages={138-48}
}
We evaluated a comprehensive national database that documents canine infection with, or exposure to, four vector-borne disease agents, Dirofilaria immitis, Borrelia burgdorferi, Ehrlichia canis, and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in order to assess geographic trends in rates of positive tests. While the percent positive test results varied by agent in different regions of the United States, with D. immitis antigen and antibodies to E. canis more commonly identified in dogs from the South (3.9% and 1… CONTINUE READING
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