Prevalence and associations of coronary artery calcification in patients with stages 3 to 5 CKD without cardiovascular disease.

@article{Garland2008PrevalenceAA,
  title={Prevalence and associations of coronary artery calcification in patients with stages 3 to 5 CKD without cardiovascular disease.},
  author={Jocelyn S Garland and Rachel M. Holden and Patti A. Groome and Miu Lam and Robert Louis Nolan and Alexander Ross Morton and William Pickett},
  journal={American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation},
  year={2008},
  volume={52 5},
  pages={849-58}
}
BACKGROUND Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have a high prevalence of coronary artery calcification, suggesting that CKD itself is a risk factor for its occurrence. Existing studies are confounded by the inclusion of patients who may not have CKD by means of diagnostic criteria and by failing to account for existing cardiovascular disease. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING 119 patients with CKD stages 3 to 5 (excluding dialysis) without known… CONTINUE READING
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