Prevalence and Risk Factors for Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection Among Middle-Age Women in Brazil and the Philippines

  title={Prevalence and Risk Factors for Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection Among Middle-Age Women in Brazil and the Philippines},
  author={J. S. Smith and Rolando Herrero and Nubia Mu{\~n}oz and Jos{\'e} Eluf-Neto and Corazon A Ngelangel and Francesc X. Bosch and Rhoda L. Ashley},
  journal={Sex Transm Dis},
Background Data comparing type-specific herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) seroprevalence and risk factors between comparable populations are largely unavailable, particularly from less-developed countries. Goal To examine the seroprevalence of HSV-2 infection and the risk factors for this infection among women in São Paulo, Brazil, and Manila, the Philippines. Study Design Altogether, 552 middle-aged women participating as control subjects in two cervical cancer studies were screened for type… 
Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with herpes simplex virus infection among pregnant women.
In pregnant women, HSV-1 seroprevalence was higher than in Western Europe but similar to that in Eastern Europe, andHSV-2 seropresence was within European ranges, both of which were lower than in the USA.
Prevalence and Risk Factors for Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Antibodies Among Low- and High-Risk Populations in Indonesia
Health promotion is needed to encourage affected individuals to recognize symptoms of genital herpes and seek care and advice on reducing transmission, and the high seroprevalence reported here is in the upper range of that reported in nearby regions.
Prevalence of specific herpes simplex virus-2 antibodies and associated factors in women of a rural town of Colombia.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 Seropositivity Among Ever Married Women in South and North Vietnam: A Population-Based Study
HSV- 2 was notably less prevalent in Hanoi than HCMC, where it was associated with traditional HSV-2 risk factors, and prevalence ratios were nearly identical to age-adjusted prevalence ratios for marital status, age at first pregnancy, and HPV DNA positivity.
Seroprevalence and factors associated with herpes simplex virus type 2 among HIV-negative high-risk men who have sex with men from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: a cross-sectional study
A high prevalence of HSV-2 infection in a sample of HIV-negative high-risk MSM from Rio de Janeiro made evident indicates the need and urgency for implementing integrated programs for the prevention of HSVs simplex virus type 2 and other sexually transmitted diseases, and, in particular, programs targeting high- risk MSM.
A population based study of herpes simplex virus 2 seroprevalence in rural Costa Rica
HSV-2 infection is highly endemic in Guanacaste, even among lifetime monogamous women, suggesting a role of male behaviour in the transmission of the infection.
Epidemiology of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection in Rural and Urban Burkina Faso
The prevalence of HSV-2 infection was high among young women, including in rural areas, with a strong association with BV, so rural areas should not be neglected in prevention programs.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Infection Among Bar and Hotel Workers in Northern Tanzania: Prevalence and Risk Factors
Control of HSV-2 might be an important strategy for HIV-1 infection prevention in this population of bar and hotel workers in Moshi, Tanzania.
Type-Specific Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 and Associated Risk Factors in Middle-Aged Women From 6 Countries: The IARC Multicentric Study
HSV-2 seroprevalence in middle-aged women varied over 4-fold and was associated with riskier sexual behaviors in women and their male partners.
Seroprevalence, Type-Specific of Herpes Simplex Virus and Associated Risk Factors among Women of Child Bearing Age in Kogi State, Nigeria
The prevalence of the HSV-1 andHSV-2 infections was high among asymptomatic healthy women of childbearing age in Kogi state, Nigeria and efforts should be made to increase the awareness of HSV infection among the child bearing populace.


Herpes simplex virus type 2 antibodies: high prevalence in monogamous women in Costa Rica.
Costa Rican women 25-59 years of age in a national household survey in 1984-1985 were studied, and HSV-2 virus antibody increased with age and with the number of lifetime sexual partners.
Seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus-type 2 in African-American college women.
It is indicated that for young African-American college women, the risk of being infected with HSV-2 is high even with only one lifetime partner, and Behavioral strategies focused on decreasing the number of sexual partners are not likely to be sufficient in preventing the spread of HSV -2 infection.
Antibody to herpes simplex virus type 2 as a marker of sexual risk behavior in rural Tanzania.
The association between HSV-2 infection and lifetime sex partners was strongest in those <25 years old in both sexes, and supports the use of HSv-2 serology as a marker of risk behavior in this population, particularly among young people.
An epidemiologic study of herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 infection in Japan based on type-specific serological assays
Primary genital HSV-2 infection, with its higher frequency of clinical manifestations, will become a greater burden to the public health in Japan.
Prevalence of herpes simplex type 2 antibodies and a clinical history of herpes in three different populations in Campinas City, Brazil.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 infection in pregnancy: asymptomatic viral excretion at delivery and seroepidemiologic survey of two socioeconomically distinct populations in São Paulo, Brazil.
The objective of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV 2) antibodies in child bearing women of 2 Brazilian populations with different socioeconomic
Genital Herpes in a Primary Care Clinic: Demographic and Sexual Correlates of Herpes Simplex Type 2 Infections
Among white women, number of sexual partners, a prior STD, marriage or cohabitation, and less than a college education were predictive of HSV‐2 infection, while a history of oral sex was the only statistically significant predictor in African‐American women.
Sero-epidemiological and -sociological patterns of herpes simplex virus infection in the world.
A newly developed Herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 enzyme immunoassay has been applied to over 40,000 sera from different populations in the US and 17 other countries on all 5 continents, providing an objective measure of various aspects of sexual behavior.
Herpes in the time of AIDS: a comparison of the epidemiology of HIV-1 and HSV-2 in young men in northern Thailand.
Seroprevalence studies of HSV-2 in other populations, particularly where the HIV-1 epidemic is just beginning, may be useful in predicting which subgroups might be most vulnerable to the epidemic and could therefore benefit the most from public health intervention.
Herpes simplex virus type 2 in the United States, 1976 to 1994.
Improvements in the prevention of HSV-2 infection are needed, particularly since genital ulcers may facilitate the transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus.