Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Risks Among Homeless Youth

  title={Prevalence and Predictors of Sexual Risks Among Homeless Youth},
  author={Linda L. Halc{\'o}n and AlanR. Lifson},
  journal={Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
This study examined prevalence of sexual risks among homeless adolescents and described factors associated with those risks. Community-based outreach methods were used successfully to access this difficult-to-reach population. The sample included 203 homeless youth aged 15–22 recruited from community sites. Questionnaire items addressed demographics, sexual behaviors, alcohol/drug use, STI history and testing, and pregnancy history. In cross-sectional analysis, 58.7% of males and 75.6% of… 

Sexual health of homeless youth: prevalence and correlates of sexually transmissible infections.

The amount of time youth spend on the street, their sexual practices, and their subsistence strategies are important correlates of STI and females and non-whites are particularly vulnerable among this high-risk population.

Predictors of sexual risk behaviors among newly homeless youth: a longitudinal study.

Examining HIV Risk and Exchange Sex Among Current and Formerly Homeless Young Adults

The study suggests supportive housing can reduce the occurrence of exchange sex but that HIV prevention services are still needed in homeless and housing programs to promote safe sexual practices.

Correlates of Engaging in Survival Sex among Homeless Youth and Young Adults

It is suggested that African American youth; gay, lesbian, or bisexual youth; and youth who had been tested for HIV were significantly more likely to have engaged in survival sex than White, heterosexual youth, and Youth who had not been testedfor HIV, respectively.

Predictors for Sexual Intercourse Experience among Runaway Female At-Risk Adolescents

It was showed that adolescents’ age, smoking, and harmful environments are associated with the occurrence of sexual activity among at-risk female adolescents and schools should institute direct and indirect channels for assessing sex-related problems among runaway female at- risk adolescents and establishing proactive and preventive measures for promoting their sexual health.

A profile of high school students in rural Canada who exchange sex for substances.

The prevalence of and factors associated with the exchange of sex for drugs among substance-using students in rural western Canada and a need for in-school education about healthy relationships, sexual exploitation, substance use, and impulse control are examined.

Prevalence and Correlates of Sex Exchange Among a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescents and Young Adults

Both males and females who engaged in sex exchange were at greater risk for sexually transmitted infections; however, the odds of ever exchanging sex were highest among males who ever had gonorrhea.



Sexual health practices of homeless youth.

  • L. RewR. FouladiR. D. Yockey
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of nursing scholarship : an official publication of Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing
  • 2002
Their safe-sex behaviors were surprisingly similar to those of university students, were modestly related to cognitive-perceptual variables in the sexual health model, and might be amenable to brief culturally relevant interventions.

Gender differences in sexual behaviors and factors associated with nonuse of condoms among homeless and runaway youths.

Gender differences in background experiences, psychosocial functioning, and risk behaviors among homeless and runaway youths from four U.S. metropolitan areas are evaluated and the ongoing need for HIV prevention services for HRYs is highlighted.

Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth.

  • S. BaileyC. CamlinS. Ennett
  • Psychology
    The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
  • 1998

Prevalence of sexual risk behaviour and substance use among runaway and homeless adolescents in San Francisco, Denver and New York City

Assessment of the prevalence of HIV sexual risk behaviours and substance use among runaway and homeless adolescents in San Francisco, Denver and New York City and systematic epidemiological studies of this population and the development of innovative interventions are essential to reduce the threat of HIV.

A risk profile of street youth in northern California: implications for gender-specific human immunodeficiency virus prevention.

A Snapshot of Homeless Youth in SeattleampColon; Their Characteristics, Behaviors and Beliefs about HIV Protective Strategies

There is room for improvement in youth's knowledge and beliefs about HIV, with heterosexual youth having the weakest knowledge of HIV protective strategies especially compared with young men who have sex with men.

Prevalence and correlates of survival sex among runaway and homeless youth.

Intensive and ongoing services are needed to provide resources and residential assistance to enable runaway and homeless youths to avoid survival sex, which is associated with many problem behaviors.

Life-styles, adaptive strategies, and sexual behaviors of homeless adolescents.

The sample had a high prevalence of several mental disorders, including conduct disorder with aggression, major depression, and alcohol and drug abuse, and almost half had attempted suicide.

HIV infection among homeless adults and runaway youth, United States, 1989–1992

These data indicate that HIV infection among homeless adults and runaway youth is an important public health problem and HIV prevention and treatment should be integrated into comprehensive health and medical programs serving homeless populations.

The prevalence of homelessness among adolescents in the United States.

The 12-month prevalence of homeless episodes among US adolescents suggests that homelessness among adolescents is not simply an urban problem and that prevention programs targeting homeless youths should be implemented nationwide.