Assessment of magnitude and grades of depression among adolescents in Raipur city, India
- N. Verma, M. Jain, P. Roy
- Int. Res. J. Medical Sci,
Depression describes wide range of emotional lows from mere sadness to a pathological suicidal state. It can affect all ages, communities and race. The incidence of depressive symptoms has been increasing among college students. We undertook this study to determine the prevalence and correlates of depression among college going students of District Amritsar, Punjab. In a cross-sectional study, 200 subjects aged 18-24 years were studied from January 2014 to June 2014 in various educational institutes of district Amritsar. Demographic history, various risk factors and prevalence of depression were assessed using patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9). The relevant data was collected and analyzed. The overall prevalence of depression among college going students was found to be 16.5%. Among medical and nonmedical students, it was 11% and 22% respectively and Mean age of the subjects was 20.84+1.62. Out of all studied subjects 81(40.5%) were male and 119(59.5%) were female. All the subjects were unmarried (100%), majority of them were urban residents (77.5%), from nuclear family (79.5%), belongs to Hindu religion (57%) and of middle socio-economic status (67%). Family history of chronic physical disease and family history of depression were present in 14.5 and 13.5 per cent subjects, respectively. Family related and academic factors were the common risk factors for depression among students. More than one third subjects with depression were not satisfied with their current stream and perceived their parents not understanding. In view of these factors, there is a need to focus upon some aspects of parenting and education counseling among students to decrease the prevalence of depression among youth.