Prevalance of Chlamydia trochomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis infections in the unexplained infertile women

@article{Guven2006PrevalanceOC,
  title={Prevalance of Chlamydia trochomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis infections in the unexplained infertile women},
  author={Melih Atahan Guven and U Mut Dilek and Ozlem Pata and Saffet Dilek and Pınar Çıragil},
  journal={Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics},
  year={2006},
  volume={276},
  pages={219-223}
}
ObjectiveTo prospectively investigate the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Ureaplasma urealyticum (UU) in the cervical canal and pouch of Douglas in unexplained infertile women and compare it to healthy controls in the Turkish population.Materials and methodsA total of 31 women presenting with a history of infertility [n = 24 (77%) primary infertility, n = 7 (23%) secondary infertility] between 20 and 38 years of age and 31 women willing to have tubal… 
Chlamydia trachomatis and mycoplasma infections in tubal pregnancy
TLDR
Cervical secretions from patients with tubal pregnancy and those requiring termination of early pregnancy at <12 weeks were tested for CT, UU, and MH in cervical secretions to explore their prevalence rates and drug susceptibilities.
Bacteriological agents which play a role in the development of infertility.
TLDR
It is clearly necessary to perform screening for all three microorganisms among all women of reproductive age but especially those who are infertile, and should be used as a screening test for the prediction of tubal damage in infertiles women.
Bacterial infections of the lower genital tract in fertile and infertile women from the southeastern Poland.
TLDR
Despite having no symptoms of an ongoing acute inflammation of the reproductive tract, many women may experience permanent or periodic shifts of equilibrium of the vaginal and/or cervical microflora, in fertile and infertile women.
Effects of Chlamydia trachomatis Infection on Fertility; A Case-Control Study
TLDR
The authors found no significant differences among fertile and infertile women for Chlamydia trachomatis infection, Nevertheless, molecular techniques which are more sensitive, more specific and non-invasive can be used to detect C. trachmatis infection.
Prevalência de infecção por Chlamydia trachomatis em mulheres candidatas à fertilização in vitro em serviço público de referência do Estado de São Paulo
TLDR
Evaluating the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among women candidates to in vitro fertilization (IVF) in a reference public service in southeastern Brazil found infections had a low prevalence.
Association of cervical infection of Chlamydia trachomatis, Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis with peritoneum colonisation in pregnancy
TLDR
The incidence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Ureaplasma urealyticum infection was significantly higher in pregnancy compared with non-pregnant controls and Mycoplasma hominis infection was present less frequently compared with Chlam Lydia trachmatis and SOTA in both groups.
Chlamydia trachomatis infection & female infertility
TLDR
An altogether high rate of C. trachomatis disease was found in infertile ladies and all the more so in asymptomatic females and in primary infertility cases.
Ureaplasma urealyticum: the Role as a Pathogen in Women’s Health, a Systematic Review
TLDR
U. urealyticum has a limited role as a pathogen in female infertility, cervicitis, PID, and genital discomfort, and future studies are needed to address this issue.
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References

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Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum infections in women. Prevalence, risks and management at a South African infertility clinic.
TLDR
The prevalence of 35.9% for C trachomatis was surprisingly high for an infertile population and, if supported by culture confirmation, justifies routine screening.
The demographic and behavioural profile of women with cervicitis infected with Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum and the comparison of two medical regimens
TLDR
The treatment of uncomplicated chlamydial, mycoplasmic and ureaplasmic cervicitis with a single dose of azithromycin administered under supervision in the clinic is as effective as a 7-day course of doxycycline.
Recovery of Chlamydia trachomatis from the endometria of women with unexplained infertility.
TLDR
Comparison of the results in the patients and controls showed a significant difference in the incidence of CT infection in endometrial, urethral and endocervical cultures.
Introital swab testing for Chlamydia trachomatis in a resource-poor setting: an Indian perspective.
TLDR
Self collection of an introital specimen from women attending the Institute's infertility clinic is advocated in large-scale settings in this country for detection of CT in order to contain the infection and its complications.
Chlamydia trachomatis infection in primary unexplained infertility
TLDR
Isolation of C. trachomatis in cell culture proved to be the most reliable diagnostic tool when compared to immunofluorescence staining on smears and serology and should be associated for the diagnosis of active infection.
Evaluation of laparoscopy and endocervical swab in the diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis infection of the female genital tract
SummaryA group of 60 consecutive women admitted to the gynaecology department of Eastbourne District General Hospital for pelvic pain were entered into this study. Evidence of C. trachomatis
Usefulness of transvaginal hydrolaparoscopy in investigating infertile women with Chlamydia trachomatis infection.
TLDR
The results suggest that C. trachomatis infection is highly associated with peritubal adhesion which is difficult to diagnose by HSG, and exclusion of tubal pathology by THL or standard laparoscopy should be carried out to consider appropriate treatments.
The accuracy and efficacy of screening tests for Chlamydia trachomatis: a systematic review.
TLDR
Nucleic acid amplification tests used on non-invasive samples such as urine are more effective at detecting asymptomatic chlamydial infection than conventional tests, but there are few data to relate a positive result with clinical outcome.
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