Pretesting versus posttesting: Comparing the pedagogical benefits of errorful generation and retrieval practice.

  title={Pretesting versus posttesting: Comparing the pedagogical benefits of errorful generation and retrieval practice.},
  author={Steven C. Pan and Faria Sana},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Applied},
The use of practice tests to enhance learning, or test-enhanced learning, ranks among the most effective of all pedagogical techniques. We investigated the relative efficacy of pretesting (i.e., errorful generation) and posttesting (i.e., retrieval practice), two of the most prominent practice test types in the literature to date. Pretesting involves taking tests before to-be-learned information is studied, whereas posttesting involves taking tests after information is studied. In five… 

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