Corpus ID: 49339922

Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention

  title={Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention},
  author={Assuring Healthy Outcomes and Richard E. Behrman and Adrienne Stith Butler},
The increasing prevalence of preterm birth in the United States is a complex public health problem that requires multifaceted solutions. Preterm birth is a cluster of problems with a set of overlapping factors of influence. Its causes may include individual-level behavioral and psychosocial factors, sociodemographic and neighborhood characteristics, environmental exposure, medical conditions, infertility treatments, and biological factors. Many of these factors co-occur, particularly in those… Expand
Prematurity: an overview and public health implications.
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Analysis of data collected for the Pregnancy, Infection, and Nutrition Study on a range of sociodemographic, behavioral, and related factors suggests changes in a constellation of behaviors during pregnancy predict substantial shifts in the risk of preterm birth. Expand
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With advances in obstetric and neonatal care, survival rates for infants born preterm have increased in both the United States and other developed countries, resulting in a growing number of familiesExpand
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Research efforts are urgently needed to better understand context-specific pathways leading to preterm birth; to develop appropriate, efficacious prevention strategies and interventions to improve survival of neonates born prematurely; and to scale-up known efficacious interventions to improved the health of the preterm neonate. Expand
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A change in the focus on care during the reproductive years to preconception and interconception care is needed so that women are in better physical and mental health as they begin pregnancy. Expand
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  • J. Maloni
  • Medicine
  • Biological research for nursing
  • 2010
A model to guide continuing research about the effects of maternal bed rest as well as evidence supporting the use of home care with bed rest, a different, safe, and feasible model of prenatal care for treating women with pregnancy complications used particularly in other countries are presented. Expand
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The findings add to the growing literature that women of color experience discrimination, racism and disrespect in healthcare encounters and that they believe this affects their health and that of their infants. Expand
Birth outcome racial disparities: A result of intersecting social and environmental factors.
Societal factors, including suboptimal education, income inequality, and residential segregation, that together lead to toxic environmental exposures and psychosocial stress that contribute to adverse birth outcomes are considered. Expand
Prevention of Recurrent Preterm Birth: Role of the Neonatal Follow-up Program
Whether NFPs are a potentially effective venue for specialized maternal counseling and intervention aimed at reducing the high rate of recurrent PTB in this population of women is investigated. Expand