Press freedom during the 1994 and 1999 presidential elections in Ukraine: a reverse wave?

  title={Press freedom during the 1994 and 1999 presidential elections in Ukraine: a reverse wave?},
  author={Olena Nikolayenko},
  journal={Europe-Asia Studies},
  pages={661 - 686}
  • O. Nikolayenko
  • Published 1 July 2004
  • Political Science
  • Europe-Asia Studies
THE COLLAPSE OF COMMUNISM and the dissolution of the Soviet Union have reshaped the institutional context for media development in Ukraine. Against the backdrop of changes in the political, economic and legal spheres, the media set out on the path of transformation from a party adjunct to a democratic institution. As evidenced in numerous articles and reports, the route to media democratisation is full of roadblocks and U-turns in Ukraine. 1 In the early 1990s a common approach to an appraisal… 

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