Press Releases by Academic Medical Centers: Not So Academic?

  title={Press Releases by Academic Medical Centers: Not So Academic?},
  author={Steven Woloshin and Lisa M. Schwartz and Samuel L Casella and Abigail T. Kennedy and Robin J. Larson},
  journal={Annals of Internal Medicine},
Context News reports often exaggerate the importance of medical research. Contribution The researchers reviewed press releases issued by academic medical centers. They found that many press releases overstated the importance of study findings while underemphasizing cautions that limited the findings' clinical relevance. Caution The researchers did not attempt to see how the press releases influenced actual news stories. Implication Academic center press releases often promote research with… 
Journals should lead the way in improving medical press releases
  • J. Fenton
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Evidence-Based Medicine
  • 2014
Researchers, institutions and journal editors share a common motivation to maximise press coverage of new medical research, and researchers and their institutions commonly collaborate on press releases to promote news coverage ofnew medical studies.
Exaggerations and Caveats in Press Releases and Health-Related Science News
For health and science news directly inspired by press releases, the main source of both exaggerations and caveats appears to be the press release itself, however there is no evidence that exaggerations increase, or caveats decrease, the likelihood of news coverage.
Expert quotes and exaggeration in health news: a retrospective quantitative content analysis
The number of articles containing a quote from an independent expert is low, but articles that cite an external expert do contain less exaggeration, and the relationship between presence of quotes and exaggeration of the causal claim is assessed.
Media Coverage of Medical Journals: Do the Best Articles Make the News?
News coverage of medical research is followed closely by many Americans and affects the practice of medicine and influence of scientific research, and newspapers were more likely to cover observational studies and less likely to covered RCTs than high impact journals.
The association between exaggeration in health related science news and academic press releases: retrospective observational study
Exaggeration in news is strongly associated with exaggeration in press releases, and improving the accuracy of academic press releases could represent a key opportunity for reducing misleading health related news.
Measuring Correlation-to-Causation Exaggeration in Press Releases
A new corpus and trained models are developed that can identify causal claims in the main statements in a press release that report on observational studies, which are designed to establish correlational findings, but are often exaggerated as causal.
Influence of medical journal press releases on the quality of associated newspaper coverage: retrospective cohort study
High quality press releases issued by medical journals seem to make the quality of associated newspaper stories better, whereas low qualityPress releases might make them worse.
A Story Lost in Translation--or a Cautionary Tale?
A strong correlation between exaggerations and misrepresentations contained in press releases and those appearing in news articles is observed.
Causal interpretation of correlational studies – Analysis of medical news on the website of the official journal for German physicians
Reporting of medical news in the DÄ medical journal is misleading, and most headlines that imply causal associations were not based on RCTs.
Why Most Biomedical Findings Echoed by Newspapers Turn Out to be False: The Case of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Whether newspapers preferentially echo initial ADHD findings appearing in prominent journals and whether this media reporting bias generalizes to health sciences, it represents a major cause of distortion in health science communication.


Press releases: translating research into news.
Press releases do not routinely highlight study limitations or the role of industry funding, and data are often presented using formats that may exaggerate the perceived importance of findings.
Medical researchers and the media. Attitudes toward public dissemination of research.
The majority of first authors in two leading medical journals reported substantial media coverage of their research, expressed generally positive sentiments about the press Coverage of their work, and expressed a need for consensus on interactions involving the press.
Media coverage of scientific meetings: too much, too soon?
CONTEXT Although they are preliminary and have undergone only limited peer review, research abstracts at scientific meetings may receive prominent attention in the news media. We sought to describe
Press releases of science journal articles and subsequent newspaper stories on the same topic.
Journal articles described in press releases, in particular those described first or second in the press release, are associated with the subsequent publication of newspaper stories on the same topic.
Quality of Pharmaceutical Industry Press Releases Based on Original Research
Pharmaceutical company press releases frequently report basic study details, but readers should be cautioned by the preliminary nature of the data and lack of identified limitations, which are desirable to prevent misleading media coverage.
Coverage by the news media of the benefits and risks of medications.
News-media stories about medications may include inadequate or incomplete information about the benefits, risks, and costs of the drugs as well as the financial ties between study groups or experts and pharmaceutical manufacturers.
["New wonder pill!"--what do Norwegian newspapers write].
  • S. Høye, P. Hjortdahl
  • Medicine
    Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke
  • 2002
The Norwegian news media usually given new medications an overly enthusiastic coverage, while there is incomplete information about the benefits, risks and costs of the drugs as well as about the financial ties between medical experts and the pharmaceutical industry.
Drugs in the news: an analysis of Canadian newspaper coverage of new prescription drugs.
Concerns are raised about the completeness and quality of media reporting about new medications in Canada of 5 prescription drugs launched in Canada between 1996 and 2001 that received a high degree of media attention.
Transition from meeting abstract to full-length journal article for randomized controlled trials.
Late-breaking trials were larger, more likely to be preceded by a design paper, and less likely to report positive results than RCTs presented at other sessions, but discrepancies between the meeting abstract results and subsequent full-length publication results were common even for late- Breaking trials.
Measured enthusiasm: does the method of reporting trial results alter perceptions of therapeutic effectiveness?
Clinicians' views of drug therapies are affected by the common use of relative risk reductions in both trial reports and advertisements, by end-point emphasis, and, above all, by underuse of summary measures that relate treatment burden to therapeutic yields in a clinically relevant manner.