Presidentialism versus Parliamentarism: Implications for Representativeness and Legitimacy

  title={Presidentialism versus Parliamentarism: Implications for Representativeness and Legitimacy},
  author={Fred Warren Riggs},
  journal={International Political Science Review},
  pages={253 - 278}
  • F. Riggs
  • Published 1 July 1997
  • Political Science
  • International Political Science Review
Despite optimistic expectations that the new states of the world will, increasingly, become democratic and peace-loving in the “new world system” created after the collapse of all the modern empires, we see growing signs of pervasive violence. Efforts to support the consolidation of existing democracies need to be augmented by struggles to prevent their collapse. Two crucial problems recur in these struggles: how to legitimize states that are often viewed by unwilling subjects as oppressive and… 
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