Preserved access and processing of social knowledge in a patient with acquired sociopathy due to ventromedial frontal damage

@article{Saver1991PreservedAA,
  title={Preserved access and processing of social knowledge in a patient with acquired sociopathy due to ventromedial frontal damage},
  author={Jeffrey L. Saver and Antonio R. Damasio},
  journal={Neuropsychologia},
  year={1991},
  volume={29},
  pages={1241-1249}
}
Dominance Attributions Following Damage to the Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex
TLDR
The findings suggest that, in the laboratory tasks used, damage to the VM does not necessarily impair judgments of social dominance, although it appears to result in alterations in strategy that might translate into behavioral impairments in real life.
Discrepancy between social and nonsocial decision-making under uncertainty following prefrontal lobe damage: the impact of an interactionist approach
TLDR
The possibility of identifying components of social and nonsocial decision-making, which could be helpful in understanding the behavioral disorders of FL patients, is raised.
The Social, Emotional and Cultural Life of the Orbitofrontal Cortex
Abstract Formal assessment of the impact of frontal-lobe impairment on social and interpersonal function has been somewhat neglected relative to interest in documenting executive impairment on
Impaired social response reversal. A case of 'acquired sociopathy'.
TLDR
A patient who, following trauma to the right frontal region, including the orbitofrontal cortex, presented with 'acquired sociopathy' is reported, suggesting that J.S.'s impairment is due to a reduced ability to generate expectations of others' negative emotional reactions, in particular anger.
Impairments of emotion and real-world complex behavior following childhood- or adult-onset damage to ventromedial prefrontal cortex
TLDR
Findings from patients with focal lesions in the VM region acquired either in childhood or adulthood are presented, and it is shown that there is a relationship between emotional dysfunction and impairments in real-world behavioral competencies.
Acquired Personality Disturbances Associated With Bilateral Damage to the Ventromedial Prefrontal Region
TLDR
Differences between this syndrome of "acquired sociopathy" and developmental psychopathy in characteristic personality disturbances and psychophysiological abnormalities suggest that diminished emotionality, impaired decision making, and psychosocial dysfunction may be related to ventromedial prefrontal dysfunction in both groups.
An fMRI study of intentional and unintentional (embarrassing) violations of social norms.
TLDR
The data suggest that social behavioural problems in patients with frontal lobe lesions or fronto-temporal dementia may be a consequence of dysfunction within the systems identified in light of their possible role in processing whether particular social behaviours are, or are not, appropriate.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
The comportmental learning disabilities of early frontal lobe damage.
TLDR
In comparison with other types of brain damage which disrupt cognitive development, frontal damage acquired early in life appears to provide the neurological substrate for a special type of learning disability in the realms of insight, foresight, social judgement, empathy, and complex reasoning.
The problem of the frontal lobe: a reinterpretation.
  • W. Nauta
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of psychiatric research
  • 1971
Severe disturbance of higher cognition after bilateral frontal lobe ablation
After bilateral ablation of orbital and lower mesial frontal cortices, a patient had profound changes of behavior that have remained stable for 8 years. Although he could not meet personal and
The Brain Binds Entities and Events by Multiregional Activation from Convergence Zones
TLDR
The question of how the brain achieves integration starting with the bits and pieces it has to work with, is the binding problem, and a new solution is proposed at the level of neural systems that integrate functional regions of the telencephalon.
The Problem-solving approach to adjustment
Social maladjustment is, to a significant extent, a function of an individual's inability to effectively identify and solve problems of an interpersonal life situation. The Interpersonal Cognitive
...
...