Preservation of caspase-3 subunits from degradation contributes to apoptosis evoked by lactacystin: any single lysine or lysine pair of the small subunit is sufficient for ubiquitination.


Procaspase-3 (p32) is processed by upstream caspases to p12 and p20 subunits, which heterodimerize. Concomitant with formation of the active heterotetramer, p20 is autoprocessed to p17. Treatment of HL-60 cells with lactacystin, a selective inhibitor of the proteasome, exponentially increased caspase-3-like hydrolytic activity and induced apoptosis but had… (More)

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