Presence of the storage seed protein vicilin in internal organs of larval Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).

Abstract

Variant vicilins (7S storage globulins) of cowpea seeds (Vigna unguiculata) are considered as the main resistance factor present in some African genotypes against the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus. It has been suggested that the toxic properties of vicilins may be related to their recognition and interaction with glycoproteins and other membrane constituents along the digestive tract of the insect. However, the possibility of a systemic effect has not yet been investigated. The objective of this work was to study the fate of 7S storage globulins of V. unguiculata in several organs of larvae of the cowpea weevil C. maculatus. Results demonstrated binding of vicilins to brush border membrane vesicles, suggesting the existence of specific receptors. Vicilins were detected in the haemolymph, in the midgut, and in internal organs, such as fat body and malpighian tubules. There is evidence of accumulation of vicilins in the fat body of both larvae and adults. The absorption of vicilins and their presence in insect tissues parallels classical sequestration of secondary compounds.

Cite this paper

@article{Ucha2006PresenceOT, title={Presence of the storage seed protein vicilin in internal organs of larval Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).}, author={Adriana Ferreira Uch{\^o}a and Renato Augusto Damatta and Cl{\'a}udio Andr{\'e}s Retamal and Jos{\'e} Maur{\'i}cio Albuquerque-Cunha and Sheila Souza and Richard Ian Samuels and Carlos Peres Silva and Jos{\'e} Xavier-Filho}, journal={Journal of insect physiology}, year={2006}, volume={52 2}, pages={169-78} }