Presence of putative insect vectors of grapevine yellows phytoplasmas in Turkey

@article{Bayram2014PresenceOP,
  title={Presence of putative insect vectors of grapevine yellows phytoplasmas in Turkey},
  author={Şerife Bayram and Unal Zeybekoglu and G{\"o}khan S{\"o}ylemezoğlu and Didem Canik and Murat Karavin and Atilla Çakir and Filiz Ertunç},
  journal={Phytopathogenic Mollicutes},
  year={2014},
  volume={4},
  pages={22-26}
}
Turkey is one of the nations native to grapevine. Main grapevine yellows in Euro-Mediterranean regions are “flavescence doree” and “bois noir”. Phytoplasma associated diseases are phloem limited, transmitted mainly by vectors and grafting and therefore intensive surveys were conducted in major viticultural areas in Marmara, Aegean, Central Anatolia, Eastern, and South Eastern Anatolia regions of Turkey in 2008–2011 in order to determine and to verify the presence of putative grapevine yellows… 
Occurrence and identification of grapevine phytoplasmas in main viticultural regions of Turkey
TLDR
Phytoplasma-associated infections were present more on wine grapevine cultivars (73.6%) compared to table grapes (26.4%) and the majority of the symptomatic grapevines were infected with grapevine yellows phytoplasmas belonging to 16SrXII-A subgroup (“bois noir”).