Presence of free myxol and 4-hydroxymyxol and absence of myxol glycosides in Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413, and proposal of a biosynthetic pathway of carotenoids.

@article{Takaichi2006PresenceOF,
  title={Presence of free myxol and 4-hydroxymyxol and absence of myxol glycosides in Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413, and proposal of a biosynthetic pathway of carotenoids.},
  author={Shinichi Takaichi and Mari Mochimaru and Takashi Maoka},
  journal={Plant & cell physiology},
  year={2006},
  volume={47 2},
  pages={211-6}
}
We identified the molecular structures of all carotenoids in Anabaena variabilis ATCC 29413 (= IAM M-204). The major carotenoids were beta-carotene, echinenone and canthaxanthin. Myxol glycosides were absent, while free forms of myxol and 4-hydroxymyxol were present. The 4-hydroxyl group of the latter was a mixture of (4R) and (4S) configurations, which is a rare mixture in carotenoids. Thus, this strain was the first cyanobacterium found to have free myxol and not myxol glycosides, and seemed… CONTINUE READING