Cartilage destruction by matrix degradation products
- Tadashi Yasuda
- Modern rheumatology
Fibronectin content was determined in articular cartilage in a spontaneous dog model and in a meniscectomy rabbit model of osteoarthritis. Determination of the fibronectin content of urea extracts of articular cartilage by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) disclosed that degenerated cartilage contained from 10- to 40-fold more fibronectin than normal cartilage. The finding that cartilage fibronectin content was increased in both animal models suggests that elevated cartilage fibronectin content is a general feature of the osteoarthritic process. Immunoperoxidase studies disclosed that fibronectin was distributed throughout the matrix in hyaluronidase treated normal and osteoarthritic cartilage from both animal models, but quantitative differences in fibronectin were not observed by these techniques.