Presence of antibodies to Salmonella in tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus) sera.

  title={Presence of antibodies to Salmonella in tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus) sera.},
  author={Danielle M R L Middleton and Nicola J Nelson and Brett D Gartrell and Anne Camille La Flamme},
  journal={Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases},
Colonisation of a host by pathogenic microorganisms is a near constant threat to the health of all vertebrates and most species have evolved an efficient adaptive immune response which produces antibodies following exposure to a specific antigen. The strength of this response can be influenced by many factors including sex and season. Tuatara are exposed to Salmonella through contact with infected skinks and soil; however, no gastrointestinal colonisation of tuatara with Salmonella has been… CONTINUE READING