Presence and estrogenicity of anthracene derivatives in coastal Japanese waters.

  title={Presence and estrogenicity of anthracene derivatives in coastal Japanese waters.},
  author={Ryo Kurihara and Fujio Shiraishi and Noriho Tanaka and Shinya Hashimoto},
  journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry},
  volume={24 8},
An analytical method was developed to measure levels of anthracene (ANT) and its derivative compounds 9,10-anthraquinone (ATQ) and eight hydroxy-anthraquinones (hATQs) in seawater from Tokyo Bay and Suruga Bay, Japan. The hATQs produced through photochemical reaction of ANT are known to be toxic. Seawater samples contained ANT at levels ranging from < 0.2 to 4.7 ng/L, ATQ from 3.9 to 200 ng/L, 1-hydroxyanthraquinone (1-hATQ) from < 0.9 to 5.3 ng/L, and 2-hATQ from 1.6 to 5.5 ng/L. The yeast two… CONTINUE READING
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