Preparing Problem Solvers for the 21st Century through Problem-Based Learning

  title={Preparing Problem Solvers for the 21st Century through Problem-Based Learning},
  author={Kellah M. Edens},
  journal={College Teaching},
  pages={55 - 60}
roblem-based learning (PBL) is a constructivist teaching model that helps students learn to think and to solve problems-skills too frequently not acquired in traditional university course work. This approach is implemented widely in medical school education. It uses an authentic, complex problem as the impetus for learning and fosters the acquisition of both disciplinary knowledge and problem-solving skills. Professors introduce a confusing, open-ended problem, like those faced in the workplace… 
Problem-Based Learning
Problem-based learning (PBL) is perhaps the most innovative instructional method conceived in the history of education. PBL was originally designed to respond to the criticism that traditional
Problem-Based Learning in a General Psychology Course
Problem-based learning (PBL) uses authentic problems as the context for learning disciplinary knowledge. In the process of in vestigation, students seek and learn content information and cre atively
The Use of Problem‐Based Learning to Enhance MIS Education
It is proposed that problem-based learning is an alternative instructional method that may produce more positive results for students in a computer applications concept course and results strongly support this approach.
Collaborative Learning in Problem Solving: A Case Study in Metacognitive Learning.
Problem solving and collaborative communication are among the key 21st century skills educators want students to develop. This paper presents results from a study of the collaborative work patterns
Educating Students for a Complex Future: Why Integrating a Problem Analysis in Problem-Based Learning Has Something to Offer
The need to focus on authenticity, exemplarity, and interdisciplinary as key educational concepts when developing competencies to analyze complex problems is described and discussed.
Towards Better Problem Finding and Creativity in Graduate School Education: A Case Study of Nitobe School Program
  • Ankit A. Ravankar, Shotaro Imai, +6 authors Ken Saito
  • Psychology, Physics
    2018 7th International Congress on Advanced Applied Informatics (IIAI-AAI)
  • 2018
It is shown how introducing problem finding at graduate level increases student's ability to comprehend difficult and wicked problems in a team based learning environment and how it influences creativity in graduate students resulting in better problem solvers.
Lessons learned from incorporating Problem-Based Learning and Lego System in Engineering Measurements laboratory
As one of the most important developments in contemporary higher education, Problem-Based Learning (PBL) is widely used in most medical schools and is being proliferated in several other disciplines.
So You’re Thinking of Trying Problem Based Learning?: Three Critical Success Factors for Implementation
Problem-based learning (PBL) shifts the traditional teaching paradigm. Rather than being teacher centered, PBL is student centered. Rather than presenting content first, PBL presents the problem
Real world problems bringing life to course content
The lessons learned from five (5) different successful and unsuccessful experiences implementing problem-based/problem-centered learning within the undergraduate computer program at Purdue University are reviewed.
It can be concluded that the application of problem based learning (PBL) method using lesson study approach proved to be able to improve the effectiveness of mathematical economic learning.


Designing Problem-Based Learning Units
Problem-based learning (PBL), initiated when learners meet an ill-structured problem, develops skills and subject-matter content needed by students to make the transition from novice to more expert
Problem‐based Learning: A Review of Literature on Its Outcomes and Implementation Issues
It is recommended that caution be exercised in making comprehensive, curriculum‐wide conversions to PBL until more is learned about (1) the extent to which faculty should direct students throughout medical training, (2) PBL methods that are less costly, (3) cognitive‐processing weaknesses shown by PBL students, and (4) the apparent high resource utilization by P BL graduates.
An Action Research Study of the Effectiveness of Problem-Based Learning in Promoting the Acquisition and Retention of Knowledge
This action research study compares the efficacies of problem-based learning (PBL), traditional lecture, and a combination of PBL and traditional lecture to promote understanding and retention of the
Does problem‐based learning work? A meta‐analysis of evaluative research
  • D. T. Vernon, R. Blake
  • Medicine
    Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
  • 1993
The results generally support the superiority of the PBL approach over more traditional methods in problem-based learning.
The power of problem‐based learning in teaching introductory science courses
In its use of complex, real-world problems to introduce concepts and motivate learning in an active and cooperative learning environment, problem-based learning provides a powerful alternative to the
The Implications of Teaching Norms for the Improvement of Undergraduate Education in Teaching-Oriented Colleges. ASHE Annual Meeting Paper.
It is maintained that the successful implementation of any improvement in undergraduate education depends, to a significant extent, on the existence of "norms" supportive of these initiatives, and the most appropriate method to determine the answer was to identify specific recommendations that have been advocated to improve undergraduate education.
Problem‐based learning in business education: Curriculum design and implementation issues
Drawing on eleven years' experience with a problem-based learning MBA program, we have found that the way in which the PBL process is used, faculty capabilities, and student transition are critical
Problem-Based Learning: An Approach to Medical Education
When there are many people who don't need to expect something more than the benefits to take, we will suggest you to have willing to reach all benefits. Be sure and surely do to take this problem
Problem‐based learning in leadership education
Problem-based learning has been used to address acknowledged shortcomings in leadership education. This innovative approach required changes in the nature of the learning materials, classroom
Time expenditure, workload, and student satisfaction in problem‐based learning
In this approach to architecture education, the design project serves as the predominant learning tool and students use design problems to stimulate and organize their self-directed learning of essential architectural concepts.