Preparation of highly reactive pyridine- and pyrimidine-containing diarylamine antioxidants.


We recently reported a preliminary account of our efforts to develop novel diarylamine radical-trapping antioxidants (Hanthorn, J. J. et al. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2012, 134, 8306-8309) wherein we demonstrated that the incorporation of ring nitrogens into diphenylamines affords compounds which display a compromise between H-atom transfer reactivity to peroxyl radicals and stability to one-electron oxidation. Herein we provide the details of the synthetic efforts associated with that report, which have been substantially expanded to produce a library of substituted heterocyclic diarylamines that we have used to provide further insight into the structure-reactivity relationships of these compounds as antioxidants (see the accompanying paper, DOI: 10.1021/jo301012x). The diarylamines were prepared in short, modular sequences from 2-aminopyridine and 2-aminopyrimidine wherein aminations of intermediate pyri(mi)dyl bromides and then Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions of the amines and precursor bromides were the key steps to yield the diarylamines. The cross-coupling reactions were found to proceed best with Pd(η(3)-1-PhC(3)H(4))(η(5)-C(5)H(5)) as precatalyst, which gave higher yields than the conventional Pd source, Pd(2)(dba)(3).

DOI: 10.1021/jo301013c

Cite this paper

@article{Hanthorn2012PreparationOH, title={Preparation of highly reactive pyridine- and pyrimidine-containing diarylamine antioxidants.}, author={Jason J Hanthorn and Luca Valgimigli and Derek A Pratt}, journal={The Journal of organic chemistry}, year={2012}, volume={77 16}, pages={6908-16} }