Preparation and progestational activity of 6-cyano-16-methylene-17 -hydroxy-4,6-pregnadiene-3,20-dione 17-acetate and related compounds.


The synthesis of of 6-formyl-6-dehydro-16-methylene-17alpha-acetoxyprogesterone (3) and of 6-cyano-6-dehydro-16-methylene-17alpha-acetoxyprogesterone (4) is reported. The preparation of (3) was carried out by converting 3-ethoxy-16-methylene-17alpha-YDROXY-3,5PREGNADIEN-20-ONE 17-acetate (5) by the Vilsmeier reaction to 3-ethoxy-6-formyl-16-methylene-17alpha-hydroxy-3,5-pregnadien-20-one 17-acetate (6). On treatment with dichlorodicyanobenzoquinone (DDQ) in 95% aqueous acetone (6) afforded the desired (3) in 45% yield. The 6-cyano derivative (4) was prepared by reacting (6) with hydroxylamine to give 3-ethoxy-6-oximinomethyl-16-methylene-17alpha-hydroxy-3, 5-pregnadien-20-one 17-acetate; this compound on treatment with DDQ in 95% aqueous acetone gave 6-oximinomethyl-16-methylene-17alpha-hydroxy-4, 6-pregnadien-3,20-dione 17-acetate (9) in 68% yield. Reaction of (9) with phosphorus oxychloride in pyridine afforded the desired 6-cyano dienone (4) in 70% yield. Progestational activity of (3) was the same as that of progesterone, while that of (4) was 5.8 as great.

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@article{Popper1972PreparationAP, title={Preparation and progestational activity of 6-cyano-16-methylene-17 -hydroxy-4,6-pregnadiene-3,20-dione 17-acetate and related compounds.}, author={T L Popper and H-P. Faro and F E Carlon and Henry Herzog}, journal={Journal of medicinal chemistry}, year={1972}, volume={15 5}, pages={555-6} }