Preoperative noninvasive assessment of arm veins to be used as bypass grafts in the lower extremities.


Preoperative noninvasive imaging of the veins of the upper extremities has been included in the protocol to select an autogenous vein for a distal bypass in the lower extremity. Arm veins are sought as bypass grafts when the saphenous vein is absent or not usable. Duplex ultrasound provided images of the cephalic and basilic veins in 10 patients in whom… (More)


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