Preoperative multimodal administration of morphine in arthroscopic surgery

Abstract

The aim of the study was to demonstrate the possible effects of preoperative intra-articular, intravenous, or intrathecal administration of morphine on postoperative pain management. Sixty patients undergoing arthroscopic menisectomy were included. Spinal anesthesia was performed in the lateral decubitus position with 3 ml of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00402-004-0788-9

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