Preoperative lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio predicts clinical outcome in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: a retrospective analysis

@inproceedings{Temraz2014PreoperativeLR,
  title={Preoperative lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio predicts clinical outcome in patients undergoing radical cystectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: a retrospective analysis},
  author={Sally N. Temraz and Deborah A Mukherji and Zein Al Abideen Farhat and Rami W Nasr and Maya A. Charafeddine and Mohammed Shahait and Mohammad Rachad Wehbe and Rami Abou Ghaida and Ibrahim Abu Gheida and Ali Shamseddine},
  booktitle={BMC urology},
  year={2014}
}
BACKGROUND Inflammation is a critical component of tumorigenesis, and many cancers arise from sites of infection, chronic irritation, and inflammation. Inflammatory cytokines triggered by tumors alter hematologic components, including neutrophil, lymphocyte, and monocyte counts. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios have been shown to be valuable prognostic markers in various types of cancers, including bladder cancer. Risk stratification based on clinicopathologic data… CONTINUE READING