Preoperative and postoperative cytokines in patients with cancer.

  title={Preoperative and postoperative cytokines in patients with cancer.},
  author={Haruhiro Nakazaki},
  volume={70 3},
BACKGROUND Changes in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and granulocyte macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were investigated before and after operation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), metastatic liver carcinoma, and gastrointestinal carcinoma. RESULTS Serum levels of TNF-alpha, IL-1 alpha, and IL-1 beta were high in patients with liver carcinoma (HCC and metastatic liver… CONTINUE READING


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