Prenatal effects of maternal smoking on daughters' smoking: nicotine or testosterone exposure?

@article{Kandel1999PrenatalEO,
  title={Prenatal effects of maternal smoking on daughters' smoking: nicotine or testosterone exposure?},
  author={Denise B. Kandel and J. Richard Udry},
  journal={American journal of public health},
  year={1999},
  volume={89 9},
  pages={1377-83}
}
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to specify the effect of prenatal fetal exposure to maternal cotinine and testosterone on daughters' smoking in adolescence and adulthood. METHODS Longitudinal causal models were estimated among 240 White mother-daughter pairs from the Child Health and Development Study. Mothers and daughters were reinterviewed when daughters were aged 15 to 17 years, and daughters were interviewed at 27 to 30 years of age. Blood samples were obtained from both parents… CONTINUE READING

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