Prenatal diagnosis of isovaleric acidaemia by enzyme and metabolite assay in the first and second trimesters.


Isovaleric acidaemia (IVA) is caused by a deficiency of isovaleryl CoA dehydrogenase. The diagnosis can be established biochemically by the demonstration of increased levels of isovalerylglycine (IVG) and 3-hydroxyisovaleric acid in urine and by the deficiency of incorporation of radiolabel from [14C]isovaleric acid in macromolecules in cultured fibroblasts… (More)


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