Prenatal developmental conditions have long-term effects on offspring fecundity.

@article{Gorman2004PrenatalDC,
  title={Prenatal developmental conditions have long-term effects on offspring fecundity.},
  author={Helen E. Gorman and Ruedi G Nager},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2004},
  volume={271 1551},
  pages={1923-8}
}
Maternal effects, in which differences in parental state cause differences in offspring fitness, are important in trade-offs influencing an individual's optimal reproductive strategy. In zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) we manipulated the nutritional state for four weeks before the start of breeding through protein supplementation. Zebra finches were kept on identical diets during the rest of the experiment. We then tested the effects of maternal state on offspring size, survival and… CONTINUE READING