Prenatal and postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure and children's health.

@article{Difranza2004PrenatalAP,
  title={Prenatal and postnatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure and children's health.},
  author={Joseph R Difranza and C. Andrew Aligne and Michael Weitzman},
  journal={Pediatrics},
  year={2004},
  volume={113 4 Suppl},
  pages={
          1007-15
        }
}
Children's exposure to tobacco constituents during fetal development and via environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is perhaps the most ubiquitous and hazardous of children's environmental exposures. A large literature links both prenatal maternal smoking and children's ETS exposure to decreased lung growth and increased rates of respiratory tract infections, otitis media, and childhood asthma, with the severity of these problems increasing with increased exposure. Sudden infant death… 
EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL TOBACCO SMOKE ON THE RESPIRATORY HEALTH OF CHILDREN
TLDR
This paper reviews of several articles between year 1992- 2009 obtained from the internet; Pubmed and Medline and discusses primarily on impact of ETS on during the fetal period and infancy and childhood.
Environmental tobacco smoke and sudden infant death syndrome: a review.
  • M. Adgent
  • Medicine
    Birth defects research. Part B, Developmental and reproductive toxicology
  • 2006
TLDR
Evidence indicates that prenatal and postnatal exposures to nicotine do occur from ETS exposure, but that the level of exposure is often substantially less than levels induced by active maternal smoking.
Early Childhood Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and its Effects on Allergy and Asthma
TLDR
Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), also referred to as passive smoke and second-hand smoke, exists in all countries and cultures and there is no level of exposure to ETS that is risk free.
Environmental tobacco smoke exposure and children's health
Almost half of the child population is involuntarily exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). The ETS exposure gives rise to an excessive risk of several diseases in infancy and childhood,
Association between Prenatal and Postnatal Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Allergies in Young Children
  • Keiko Tanaka, Y. Miyake
  • Medicine
    The Journal of asthma : official journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
  • 2011
TLDR
It is found that postnatal ETS exposure at home in the absence of in utero exposure to maternal smoking was associated with a higher prevalence of wheeze, and data from this study indicate that ETS at home may be associated withA higher prevalence with young Japanese children.
Transgenerational Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke
TLDR
The aim of this review is to highlight the prevalence of ETS (prenatal and postnatal) using biomarkers in non-conventional matrices before and after the implementation of smoke free policies and health effects related to this exposure during foetal and/or postnatal life.
Fetal and Postnatal Exposure to Tobacco Smoke and Respiratory Health in Children
TLDR
The results of the study showed that fetal exposure to tobacco smoke is an independent risk factor for symptoms of wheeze and wheezy bronchitis in schoolchildren when compared to postnatal ETS exposure.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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