Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioral Problems in Children

@article{Divan2008PrenatalAP,
  title={Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Cell Phone Use and Behavioral Problems in Children},
  author={Hozefa Divan and Leeka Kheifets and Carsten Obel and J{\o}rn Olsen},
  journal={Epidemiology},
  year={2008},
  volume={19},
  pages={523-529}
}
Background: The World Health Organization has emphasized the need for research into the possible effects of radiofrequency fields in children. We examined the association between prenatal and postnatal exposure to cell phones and behavioral problems in young children. Methods: Mothers were recruited to the Danish National Birth Cohort early in pregnancy. When the children of those pregnancies reached 7 years of age in 2005 and 2006, mothers were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding the… 
Cell phone use and behavioural problems in young children
TLDR
The findings of the previous publication were replicated in this separate group of participants demonstrating that cell phone use was associated with behavioural problems at age 7 years in children, and this association was not limited to early users of the technology.
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There is little evidence for an adverse effect of maternal cell phone use during pregnancy on the early neurodevelopment of offspring, and only small differences in neurodevelopment scores between the offspring of cell phone users and nonusers.
Maternal cell phone use during pregnancy and child behavioral problems in five birth cohorts.
Prenatal cell phone use and developmental milestone delays among infants.
TLDR
No evidence of an association between prenatal cell phone use and motor or cognitive/language developmental delays among infants at 6 and 18 months of age was observed.
Cell phone exposures and hearing loss in children in the Danish National Birth Cohort.
TLDR
This is the first large-scale epidemiologic study to investigate the association between cell phone use and hearing loss in children and it is not sufficient to conclude that cell phone exposures have an effect on hearing.
Prospective Study of Pregnancy Outcomes After Parental Cell Phone Exposure: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study
TLDR
A large prospective study based on the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study found no association between maternal prenatal or paternal preconceptional cell phone exposure and any of the studied pregnancy outcomes.
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