Prenatal Exposure to Atomic Radiation and Brain Damage *

@article{Otake1989PrenatalET,
  title={Prenatal Exposure to Atomic Radiation and Brain Damage *},
  author={Masanori Otake and Hiroshi Yoshimaru and William Jack Schull},
  journal={Congenital Anomalies},
  year={1989},
  volume={29}
}
Abstract Evaluation of data on the frequency of severe mental retardation among prenatally exposed survivors of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the performance of such survivors on intelligence tests and in school has shown the most striking effects on the developing brain of exposure to ionizing radiation to occur among those individuals exposed in the 8th through the 15th, and the 16th through the 25th week after fertilization. This is true under the earlier T65DR and the… 
Threshold for radiation-related severe mental retardation in prenatally exposed A-bomb survivors: a re-analysis.
TLDR
The distribution of cases of severe mental retardation suggests a threshold in the low-dose region, and the 95% lower bound of the threshold in those survivors exposed 8-15 weeks after ovulation was zero for the individual data based on the simple linear model, and 0.05 Gy using the maximum likelihood estimates derived from an exponential-linear model.
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Embryos are more susceptible to ionizing radiation than adults and there is no evidence of human congenital abnormalities caused by nonionizing radiation, but some studies have reported effects of radio frequency and extremely low‐frequency electromagnetic fields on cell proliferation and differentiation.
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A significant effect of radiation on the frequency of individuals with atypically small heads is observed only in the first and second trimesters and for the intervals postovulation of 0-7 weeks and 8-15 weeks.
Radiation‐Induced Apoptosis and Developmental Disturbance of the Brain *
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TLDR
The relationship between birth weights and repeated measurements of stature in adolescence is discussed based on the results obtained by a growth curve analysis.
Psychophysiologic aftereffects of prenatal irradiation.
Evidence of radiation-induced reduction of height and body weight from repeated measurements of adults exposed in childhood to the atomic bombs.
Reduction of growth from exposure to atomic bomb radiation has been examined using individuals under 10 years old at the time of the bombing (ATB) and a growth curve analysis based on measurements of
This Is Only a Test? Long-Run and Intergenerational Impacts of Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout
Abstract We examine the effect of radiation exposure in utero, resulting from nuclear weapon testing in the 1950s and early 1960s, on long-run outcomes of Norwegian children. Exposure to low-dose
Long-Run Impacts of Prenatal Exposure to Radioactive Fallout 1
Research increasingly shows that differences in endowments at birth need not be genetic but instead are influenced by environmental factors while the fetus is in the womb. In addition, these
Short- and long-term effects of low-dose prenatal X-irradiation in mouse cerebral cortex, with special reference to neuronal migration
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the initial migration of BrdU-labeled cells from the matrix cell zone towards the cortical plate during embryonic periods was decelerated when exposed to X-rays of 0.25, 0.5 and 1 Gy on embryonic day 14, and this suggests that some modification process might have occurred during the postnatal period.
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