Premium Subsidies, the Mandate, and Medicaid Expansion: Coverage Effects of the Affordable Care Act

@article{Frean2017PremiumST,
  title={Premium Subsidies, the Mandate, and Medicaid Expansion: Coverage Effects of the Affordable Care Act},
  author={Molly Frean and Jonathan H Gruber and Benjamin D. Sommers},
  journal={NBER Working Paper Series},
  year={2017}
}

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It is found that public insurance eligibility reduced mean OOP by 18.2% among targeted households, but it did not causally increase total expenditures among beneficiaries.

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for comments, suggestions, and moral support. I would also like to thank Susan Murchie for editorial assistance. All errors are my own. ABSTRACT The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)

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The three‐year impact of the Affordable Care Act on disparities in insurance coverage

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The impact of Medicaid expansion on employer provision of health insurance

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...

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TLDR
One option that uses the subsidy formula employed in the insurance Marketplaces under the ACA for both the individual and employer-sponsored insurance markets, and additionally requires the subsidy to be at least $1,250 without an upper income limit on subsidy eligibility imposed, could expand insurance coverage and reduce individual market premiums relative to the ACA with no additional federal spending.

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