Ureases from both jack bean (Canavalia ensiformis) seeds and Klebsiella aerogenes have been crystallized by the hanging drop method. The plant-derived urease crystals are regular octahedra analogous to those obtained by Sumner. Preliminary X-ray diffraction studies show that the crystals belong to the cubic space group F4(1)32, with a = 364 A, and appear to contain one or two subunits in the asymmetric unit. Using a synchrotron source, the crystals diffract to near 3.5 A resolution. Crystals of urease from K. aerogenes belong to the cubic space group I23 or I2(1)3, with a = 170.8 A and appear to contain a single catalytic unit per asymmetric unit. The crystals diffract to better than 2.0 A resolution and are well suited for structural analysis.