Are there intra-operative hemodynamic differences between the Coliseum and closed HIPEC techniques in the treatment of peritoneal metastasis? A retrospective cohort study
BACKGROUND Peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) can arise directly from peritoneum (primary) or from regional spread of gastrointestinal and gynecological malignancies. It is often considered a terminal event. CRS/HIPEC procedure provides encouraging outcomes in select sub-set of patients with PC. In this study we present our initial experience of this combined procedure from a tertiary cancer care center in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January 2014 to January 2015, 13 patients underwent CRS + HIPEC procedure at our center. Preoperative assessment for cytoreduction was done using contrast CT-scan of the abdomen and staging laparoscopy. All procedures were performed by the same surgical team. After cytoreduction, HIPEC was performed by closed method. RESULTS Median patient age was 52 and median PCI was 13.5 (5-21). Ovarian cancers were commonest origin of PC in our series. All patients had a complete cytoreduction with a median operative time of 8.3 hours. Postoperative ileus was the commonest adverse event. In the immediate postoperative period, major complications were observed in 23% (3/13) of our patients (1. intra-abdominal abscess 2. Septicemia and liver function derangement 3. Bowel obstruction which required a re-operation. Median hospital stay was 12 days (range 9-45 days) and there was no perioperative mortality. CONCLUSION Our initial results indicate that CRS + HIPEC procedure can be performed with acceptable morbidity and no mortality. Appropriate case selection by a multi-disciplinary team is vital to achieve complete cytoreduction and optimize outcomes.