Prehistoric Sloth Extinctions in Cuba: Implications of a New “Last” Appearance Date

@inproceedings{Macphee2007PrehistoricSE,
  title={Prehistoric Sloth Extinctions in Cuba: Implications of a New “Last” Appearance Date},
  author={Ross D.E. Macphee and Manuel. Iturralde-Vinent and Osvaldo Jim{\'e}nez V{\'a}zquez},
  year={2007}
}
Abstract.— We report the youngest radiocarbon determination so far for an identified species of Antillean sloth, 4190 ± 40 yr BP, based on a molariform of Megalocnus rodens from the locality of Solapa de Silex, Lomas de Cacahual, prov. La Habana, Cuba. Together with other recently reported age estimates, the evidence is now secure that at least some Antillean sloth species survived until ca. 4200 yr BP, or approximately 1000 yr later than the first plausible evidence for the presence of… Expand
Assessing the role of humans in Greater Antillean land vertebrate extinctions: New insights from Cuba
Abstract The Caribbean archipelago is a hotspot of biodiversity characterized by a high rate of extinction. Recent studies have examined these losses, but the causes of the Antillean Late QuaternaryExpand
The role of humans on Antillean land vertebrate extinctions: new insights from Cuba
TLDR
The results indicate that losses of Cuba’s native fauna occurred in three waves: one during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene, a second during the middleHolocene, and a thirdOne during the last 2 ka, coinciding with the arrival of agroceramists and the early Europeans. Expand
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Pleistocene Overkill and North American Mammalian Extinctions
Clovis groups in Late Pleistocene North America occasionally hunted several now extinct large mammals. But whether their hunting drove 37 genera of animals to extinction has been disputed, largelyExpand
Holocene underkill
  • D. Grayson
  • Geography, Medicine
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2008
TLDR
This issue of PNAS addresses an issue that has been with us, in one way or another, for some 200 years, by addressing the reality of vertebrate extinction established by French paleontologist Georges Cuvier around the year 1800. Expand
Late Holocene Fauna from a Cave Deposit in Western Cuba: post-Columbian occurrence of the Vampire Bat Desmodus rotundus (Phyllostomidae: Desmodontinae)
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A fossil microvertebrate fauna from a late Holocene cave deposit in northwestern Cuba provides new chronological data for the understanding of the post-Pleistocene survival of some of Cuba's rarest extinct bats and a post-Columbian record of Desmodus rotundus. Expand
The protracted Holocene extinction of California's flightless sea duck (Chendytes lawi) and its implications for the Pleistocene overkill hypothesis
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Although the extinction of Chendytes clearly resulted from human overhunting, its demise raises questions about the Pleistocene overkill model, which suggests that megafauna were driven to extinction in a blitzkrieg fashion by Native Americans ≈13,000 years ago. Expand
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Insulae infortunatae: Establishing a Chronology for Late Quaternary Mammal Extinctions in the West Indies
This volume is devoted to recent advances in understanding megafaunal extinctions in the New World during the LQ (for this and all other abbreviations used in this paper, see Table 9.1). A chapter onExpand
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