Pregnancy leads to long-lasting changes in human brain structure

@article{Hoekzema2017PregnancyLT,
  title={Pregnancy leads to long-lasting changes in human brain structure},
  author={E. Hoekzema and E. Barba-M{\"u}ller and C. Pozzobon and M. Picado and F. Lucco and D. Garc{\'i}a-Garc{\'i}a and Juan Carlos Soliva and A. Tobe{\~n}a and M. Desco and E. Crone and A. Ballesteros and Susanna Carmona and {\'O}. Vilarroya},
  journal={Nature Neuroscience},
  year={2017},
  volume={20},
  pages={287-296}
}
Pregnancy involves radical hormone surges and biological adaptations. However, the effects of pregnancy on the human brain are virtually unknown. Here we show, using a prospective ('pre'-'post' pregnancy) study involving first-time mothers and fathers and nulliparous control groups, that pregnancy renders substantial changes in brain structure, primarily reductions in gray matter (GM) volume in regions subserving social cognition. The changes were selective for the mothers and highly consistent… Expand
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