Data services and multimedia are expected to have significant growth over the next few years and will likely become the dominant source of 3G traffic. High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) provides large enhancements over Wideband Code Division Multiple Access (WCDMA) for the downlink. HSDPA was standardized as part of Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Release 5 and improved in later releases. The HSDPA peak date rate available in the terminals was initially 1.8 Mbps, but it has increased to 42 Mbps. HSDPA has been designed to increase downlink packet data throughput by means of fast physical layer retransmission and transmission combining as well fast link adaptation controlled by the Node B – i.e. a base transmission station (BTS). High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) was part of 3GPP Release 6 with the first specification version in December 2004. The HSUPA peak data rate in the initial phase is expected to be 1–2 Mbps with later phase pushing the data rate to 11.5 Mbps. HSDPA and HSUPA together form High Speed Packet Access (HSPA).