Assessment of the antinociceptive effects of pregabalin alone or in combination with morphine during acetic acid-induced writhing in mice.
In human, digestive disorders are often associated with visceral pain. In these pathologies, visceral pain threshold is decreased indicating a visceral hypersensitivity. Pregabalin [CI-1008; S-(+)-3-isobutylgaba] presents antihyperalgesic actions in inflammatory somatic pain models. This study was designed to evaluate 1) the effect of injection of TNBS into the colon on visceral pain threshold, and 2) the antihyperalgesic effect of pregabalin on TNBS-induced chronic colonic allodynia. A significant decrease in the colonic pain threshold was observed in trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-treated animals (17.8 +/- 1.27 versus 43.4 +/- 1.98 mm Hg). Pregabalin (30-200 mg/kg s.c.) and morphine (0.1-1 mg/kg s.c.) showed a dose-related inhibition of TNBS-induced colonic allodynia. Pregabalin did not inhibit the colonic inflammatory effect of TNBS. In normal conditions (control animals), morphine (0.3 mg/kg s.c.) significantly increased the colonic pain threshold, whereas pregabalin (200 mg/kg s.c.) did not modify the colonic pain threshold. Pregabalin suppressed the TNBS-induced colonic allodynia but did not modify the colonic threshold in normal conditions. The ability of pregabalin to block the chronic colonic allodynia indicates that it is effective in abnormal colonic hypersensitivity, suggesting a possible effect in chronic pain in irritable bowel syndrome.